Risk Factors of Stunting of Children Under Five in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review

  • Qurratu Falmuariat Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Thresya Febrianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Mustakim Mustakim Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
Keywords: risk factor, stunting, children under five, developing countries

Abstract

Introduction; Stunting in toddlers is one of the nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. As many as 21.3% or around 144 million toddlers in the world are stunted, more than half of the world's stunted toddlers are from Asia and more than two-fifths live in Africa. Stunting is a serious threat to the existence of children as the next generation of a nation.

Purpose; This study analyzed the risk factors associated with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries using systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Method; Literature search using online journal portals namely ProQuest, PubMed and Garuda. The journal used in this study is a journal with a maximum reputation of Q2 and sinta 2, in the period 2010-2020, with a cross-sectional and cased control study design.

Results; Based on the search results, seven literatures were obtained conducted by systematic literature review.

Conclusion; The results of the meta-analysis of risk factors related to the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries are birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding

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Author Biographies

Qurratu Falmuariat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Thresya Febrianti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Mustakim Mustakim, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Published
2022-12-01
How to Cite
Falmuariat, Q., Febrianti, T., & Mustakim, M. (2022). Risk Factors of Stunting of Children Under Five in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 11(2), 304- 315. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.758
Section
Book Review

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