Risk Factors for Stunting in Toddlers in Developing Countries

Faktor Risiko Kejadian Stunting pada Balita di Negara Berkembang

  • Qurratu Falmuariat Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Thresya Febrianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Mustakim Mustakim Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
Keywords: risk factor, stunting, children under five, developing countries

Abstract

Introduction; Stunting in toddlers is one of the nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. As many as 21.3% or around 144 million toddlers in the world are stunted, more than half of the world's stunted toddlers are from Asia, and more than two-fifths live in Africa. Stunting is a serious threat to the existence of children as the next generation of a nation.

Purpose; This study analyzed the risk factors associated with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries using a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Method; Literature search using online journal portals namely ProQuest, PubMed, and Garuda. The journal used in this study is a journal with a maximum reputation of Q2 and sinta 2, in the period 2010-2020, with a cross-sectional and case-control study design.

Results; Based on the search results, seven kinds of literature were obtained, and conducted by systematic literature review was.

Conclusion; The results of the meta-analysis of risk factors related to the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries are birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Qurratu Falmuariat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Thresya Febrianti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Mustakim Mustakim, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

References

Al-Taiar, A., Alqaoud, N., Sharaf Alddin, R., Alanezi, F., Subhakaran, M., Dumadag, A., & Albatineh, A. N. (2021). Stunting and Combined Overweight with Stunting among Schoolchildren in Kuwait: Trends over a 13-Year Period. Medical Principles and Practice, 30(6), 515–521. https://doi.org/10.1159/000518533

Aridiyah, F. O., Rohmawati, N., & Ririanty, M. (2015). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Balita di Wilayah Pedesaan dan Perkotaan. Pustaka Kesehatan. http://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPK/article/download/2520/2029

Astatkie, A. (2020). Dynamics of stunting from childhood to youthhood in Ethiopia: Evidence from the Young Lives panel data. PLOS ONE, 15(2), e0229011. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229011

Batiro, B., Demissie, T., Halala, Y., & Anjulo, A. A. (2017). Determinants of Stunting among Children Aged 6-59 Months at Kindo Didaye Woreda, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia : Unmatched Case-Control Study. 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189106

Beal, T., Tumilowicz, A., Sutrisna, A., Izwardy, D., & Neufeld, L. M. (2018). A Review of Child Stunting Determinants in Indonesia. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 14(4), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12617.

Berhe, K., Seid, O., Gebremariam, Y., & Almaz, B. (2019). Risk Factors of Stunting (Chronic Undernutrition ) of Children Aged 6 to 24 months in Mekelle City, Tigray Region, North Ethiopia : An Unmatched Case-Control Study. Plus One, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217736

Bogale, B., Gutema, B. T., & Chisha, Y. (2020). Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6 – 59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site ( HDSS ), Southern Ethiopia : A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/9520973

Hamel, C., Enne, J., Omer, K., Ayara, N., Yarima, Y., Cockcroft, A., & Andersson, N. (2015). Childhood Malnutrition is Associated with Maternal Care during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Cross-Sectional Study in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria. Journal of Public Health Research, 4(1), 58–64. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2015.408

Kosim, M. S. (2010). Buku Ajar Neonatologi. Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia. https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?cites=1553188744304945375&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5&hl=en

Lestari, W., Margawati, A., & Rahfiludin, Z. (2014). Faktor Risiko Stunting pada Anak Umur 6-24 Bulan di Kecamatan Penanggalan Kota Subulussalam Provinsi Aceh. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), 3(1), 37–45.https://doi.org/10.14710/jgi.3.1.126-134

Manary, M., & Solomon, N. . (2009). Gizi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Gizi dan Perkembangan Anak. EGC.https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?cites=2757043353748271249&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5&hl=en

Manuaba, I. A. C., Manuaba, I. B. G. F., & Manuaba, I. B. G. (2013). Gawat Darurat Obsteri Ginekologi dan Obstetri Ginekologi Sosial untuk Profesi Bidan. EGC. https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?cites=15850537114062671044&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5&hl=en

Ni’mah, K., & Nadhiroh, S. R. (2016). Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita. Media Gizi Indonesia, 10(1), 13–19. https://doi.org/10.20473/MGI.V10I1.13-19

Nshimyiryo, A., Hedt-gauthier, B., Mutaganzwa, C., Kirk, C. M., Beck, K., Ndayisaba, A., Mubiligi, J., Kateera, F., & El-khatib, Z. (2019). Risk Factors for Stunting among Children Under Five Years : a Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study in Rwanda using the 2015 Demographic and Health Survey. 1–11. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-6504-z

Rilyani, R. (2021). Exclusive Breastfeeding with the Incidence of Stunting in Toddlers. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 10(1 SE-Articles), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v10i1.489Soetjiningsih, I. N. G. R. (2013). Tumbuh Kembang Anak. EGC.

Suprapto, S. (2017). Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Lanjut Usia Di Kelurahan Barombong Kecamatan Tamalate Kota Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 6(2 SE-Articles). https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v6i2.207

SJMJ, S. A. S., Toban, R. C., & Madi, M. A. (2020). Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 11(1), 448–455. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v11i1.314

Taguri, A. El, Betilmal, I., Mahmud, S. M., Ahmed, A. M., Goulet, O., Galan, P., & Hercberg, S. (2008). Risk Factors for Stunting among Under-fives in Libya. 12(8), 1141–1149. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008003716

Titaley, C. R., Ariawan, I., Hapsari, D., & Muasyaroh, A. (2013). Determinants of the Stunting of Children Under Two Years Old in Indonesia : A Multilevel Analysis of the 2013 Indonesia Basic Health Survey. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051106

Trihono, A., & Tjandrarini, D. H. (2015). Pendek (Stunting) di Indonesia, Masalah dan Solusinya. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. http://repository.bkpk.kemkes.go.id/id/eprint/3512

Tuang, A. (2021). Analisis Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Diare pada Anak. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 10(2), 534–542. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v10i2.643

Unicef, WHO, & Group, W. B. (2020). Levels and Trends in Child Malnutrition. In Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. https://www.renc.es/imagenes/auxiliar/files/RENC_2020_2_00._Libros.pdf

Welasih, B., & Wirjatmadi, B. (2012). Beberapa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Status Gizi Balita Stunting. Tanaffos, 11, 12–17. https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?cites=11751071373462628624&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5&hl=en

Wellina, W. F., Kartasurya, M. I., & Rahfilludin, M. Z. (2016). Faktor Risiko Stunting pada Anak Umur 12-24 bulan. 5(1), 55–61. https://doc-pak.undip.ac.id/1788/1/peer_review_upload2.pdf

WHO. (2016). WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for A Positive Pregnancy Experience. WHO.https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/250796/97892415?sequence=1

Published
2022-12-01
How to Cite
Falmuariat, Q., Febrianti, T., & Mustakim, M. (2022). Risk Factors for Stunting in Toddlers in Developing Countries. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 11(2), 308-315. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.758

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.