Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH <p><strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> is a journal managed by the Sandi Karsa Nursing Academy . Publishing Research articles and Literature Reviews in the field of Health&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1531653511&amp;1&amp;&amp;">e-ISSN:&nbsp;2654-4563</a>&nbsp;dan&nbsp;</strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1383829199&amp;1&amp;&amp;"><strong>p-ISSN: 2354-6093</strong></a>.&nbsp;<strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> Published twice a year in June and December. Articles that have been published can be downloaded for free, read, and disseminated as a reference for further articles. Paper is submitted online by registering first on this website or it can be sent via Download the<a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JqdRIRezI3mr66Dz1YTocyeF2wILtUwU/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> template here</a> and the <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GAQhC_x2hrtXFyeWHmWmpu55lmhjoR8i/view?usp=sharing">writing guide</a> here and submit the article along with the <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1KvkV_BElq2Eu_VMNbdxyKnDmp6jomVp4/view">publication statement</a> email&nbsp;<a href="mailto:lppm.akpersk@gmail.com">lppm.akpersk@gmail.com</a>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p><img src="/RujUxYuks/site/images/pengelola/lisenci2.png"><br><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Attribution 4.0 International&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0)</a></p> lppm.akpersk@gmail.com (Suprapto) lppm.akpersk@gmail.com (Editor In Chief) Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Analysis of Factors Affecting Prevention Actions of HIV Transmission by ODHIV to Others in the City Of Makassar https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/615 <p><em>Introduction; HIV is the main cause of the decline in the secondary immune system, which gradually leads to the AIDS stage. HIV and AIDS are pandemic, attacking millions of people in the world, men, women, and even children, so it is necessary to take steps to prevent HIV transmission. Aim; know the factors that influence the prevention of HIV transmission by PLWHA. Method; quantitative descriptive-analytic research with a cross-sectional design, with uvivariate, bivariate, and multivariate data analysis. Results; showed that the factors related to the prevention of HIV transmission by people living with HIV were a length of stay with HIV (p=0.000) and knowledge (p=0.000). In multiple logistic regression analysis, it was found that length of stay with HIV (p=0.007 95% CI: 0.014-0.517) and knowledge (p=0.014 95% CI: 1.343-14.451) were the most influencing factors to prevent HIV transmission. Conclusion; that the factors that most influence the prevention of HIV transmission by PLWHA are knowledge and duration of living with HIV.</em></p> Nur Faisal, Rahmawati Azis, Muhammad Syafar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/615 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Motivation on the Performance of Medical Record Workers https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/622 <p>Introduction; Medical records are files containing records and documents about patients that contain identity, examination, treatment, and other medical actions. Aim; determine the effect of motivation on the performance of medical record personnel, incentives, working conditions, physical activity, work performance, responsibilities. Method; The type of research used is an analytical survey method with a cross-sectional study approach. The population in this study were all medical record personnel with a total sample of 46 respondents. Results; shows that there is a relationship between giving incentives (p = 0.018), work responsibilities (p = 0.031), and physical activity (p = 0.011) on the performance of medical record personnel while there is no relationship between working conditions (p = 0.501) and work performance (p = 0.417) on the performance of medical record personnel. Conclusion; that there is a relationship between the provision of incentives, physical activity, responsibility for the performance of medical records, and there is no relationship between working conditions, work performance on the performance of medical record personnel.</p> Andi Yusuf, Muhammad Syafar, Rosmasrah Rosmasrah, Hasmah Hasmah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/622 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Affecting Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Adherence to Pregnant Women https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/619 <p>Introduction; Tetanus Toxoid (TT) immunization is a way to actively generate/enhance a person's immunity against tetanus infection during or after childbirth. The coverage of TT immunization is still quite low, this is caused by various factors. Aim; determine the factors that influence the adherence to tetanus toxoid immunization of pregnant women. Method; quantitative method with a Cross-Sectional study approach using the shi-square test involving 130 samples. Sampling was done by purposive sampling technique using a questionnaire as a research instrument. Results; that mothers who comply with tetanus toxoid immunization are 74.6% while those who are not compliant are 25.4%. The results showed that there was a relationship between access (p = 0.000), attitude (p = 0.000), husband's support (p = 0.000), and the role of health workers (p = 0.016) with tetanus toxoid immunization compliance. There was no relationship between knowledge (p=0,285) and adherence to tetanus toxoid immunization. Conclusion; there is a relationship between access, attitude, husband's support, the role of health workers with tetanus toxoid immunization compliance.</p> Musfirah Musfirah, Muhammad Rifai, Abdul Kadir Kilian ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/619 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of Health Protocol Policy in Covid-19 Prevention https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/620 <p>Introduction; In 2020, the corona virus spread, a new type of virus (SARS-CoV-2) whose disease is called Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Corona virus is a virus that comes from animals and is transmitted through humans. Aim; know the description of the implementation of health protocol policies in the prevention of COVID-19. Method; The type of research used is qualitative research with a phenomenological approach with a total of 5 informants consisting of 1 key informant and 3 regular informants and 1 additional informant. Data were analyzed (content analysis) using interview and observation guidelines. Results; found that the implementation of health protocol policies in preventing COVID-19 has not been fully implemented because the community does not have the awareness to apply it in everyday life. Conclusion; the application of the use of masks, washing hands and social distancing have not been fully implemented properly, this is because there are still many residents who are active outside the home and still ignore.</p> Hasma Hasma, Musfirah Musfirah, Rusmalawati Rusmalawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/620 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Online Seminars on Public Knowledge about COVID-19 and Adaptation to New Habits https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/506 <p><em>Introduction; the existence of economic demands made the government try to find a solution by enacting a new order of life, namely the adaptation of new habits. Aim; knowing the effect of online seminars on people's knowledge about COVID-19 and the adaptation of new habits. Method; using a quasi-experimental pre and post-test design. The sample in the study of participants who filled out the pretest and posttest questionnaires were 181 respondents and the data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and Wilcoxon tests using the SPSS program. Results; shows that the majority of respondents have a median age of 25 years, gender is female (55.2%), the latest education is S1/D4 (65.2%), and most have a sufficient level of knowledge (42.5%), good (42,5% Conclusion: online seminars do not have a statistically significant effect in increasing public knowledge about COVID-19 and IMR but can still be considered as an alternative chosen for certain respondent characteristics.</em></p> Mariatul Fadilah, Pariyana Pariyana, Sisi Melansi, Ayu Kartika Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/506 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Factors affecting the quality of life the elderly people https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/621 <p>The health of the elderly, which decreases with age, will affect the quality of life of the elderly. Increasing age will be accompanied by decreased body function, the onset of various diseases, body balance and the risk of falling. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the quality of life of the elderly in Surabaya, East Java, by applying the HRQoL questionare. This study is survey research, which was conducted on 94 older people aged over 60 years. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to analyze factors related to the quality of life of the elderly, including predisposing factors, support, health needs and behaviour. The results showed that the need factor, namely health status, most significantly affects the quality of life of the elderly. The findings of this study can be used to develop intervention policies to improve the quality of life of the elderly</p> Nugrahadi Dwi Pasca Budiono, Adbur Rivai ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/621 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Factors Affecting Coffee Shop Visitors' Compliance with the Covid-19 Health Protocol https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/627 <p>Introduction: coffee shops have become community icons in big cities and developing cities to interact in the form of meetings that discuss serious things or those who are just joking and spending free time, but this becomes very dangerous when done during the Covid-19 pandemic. because it can be a medium of transmission of the disease. Objective: To determine the factors that affect the compliance of warkop visitors to the Covid-19 health protocol. Methods: The type of research used is observational (quantitative) with a Cross-Sectional Study approach. Results; shows that age = 0,556&gt;0,05, education =0,02&lt;0,05, knowledge =0,001&lt;0,05, attitude =0,461&gt;0,05. Information messages from the Covid-19 Task Force =0.032&lt;0.05. Conclusion; Increased knowledge about the dangers of Covid-19 must be further encouraged by the Covid-19 Task Force and other parties so that people continue to apply health protocols wherever they are, especially in public places such as warkop.</p> Abdul Latif, Muhammad Syafar, Andi Yusuf, A.Syamsinar Asmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/627 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Correlation between Psychological Stress and The Incidence of Acne Vulgaris https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/625 <p>Introduction: Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease owned by various age groups, especially adolescents. This disease occurs due to multifactorial triggers and stress factor is one of that things. Objective: Giving knowledge and understanding of the relation of psychological stress to the incidence of acne vulgaris. Method: Using a literature study from several national and international journals that have been published then the results are compared and presented in the article. Result: Stress can affect physiological conditions the body will respond to it through the hormonal system that plays a role in the etiopathogenesis of acne vulgaris. Conclusion: Psychological stress is related to the incidence of acne vulgaris.</p> Arifah Afkar Fadilah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/625 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Irisin on Browning of White Fat https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/611 <p>Introduction: Irisin is a new myokine that links physical activity to increased metabolic performance and is associated with the browning of white adipose tissue to brown. Objective: To determine the effect of irisin on the browning of white fat. Methods: Using literature studies from scientific sources by summarizing publications and comparing the results presented. Results: Irisin, which is secreted from muscle, stimulates the expression of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in adipocytes that causes browning of white adipose tissue via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and via extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Conclusion: Irisin secreted by skeletal muscle will express UPC-1 in adipose tissue which causes white adipose tissue to brown and increase thermogenesis activity.</p> Natalia Danayati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/611 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Gastroprotective Effectiveness of Turmeric (Curcuma Domestica Val) Rhizome in Aspirin Induced Stomach https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/616 <p><strong>Background</strong>: In the case of peptic ulcer, it is found mainly intermittent lesions and is most often diagnosed in middle-aged to elderly adults, but these lesions may have appeared from a young age which often occurs due to the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). -selective, such as aspirin. Turmeric can protect the gastric mucosa by increasing mucus secretion and has a vasodilator effect so that turmeric can increase the gastric mucosal defense. <strong>Objective</strong>: to determine the effect of turmeric rhizome extract on gastric damage. <strong>Methods</strong>: Using literature studies from both national and international journals by summarizing the discussion topics and comparing the results presented in each article. <strong>Result</strong>: The essential oil contained in turmeric is efficacious to regulate the release of stomach acid so that it is not excessive. Turmeric is also thought to have analgesic activity because it contains curcuminoids and essential oils. Curcumin has an effect on COX-2 (cyclooxygenase2), nitric oxide synthesis, and biomarkers of the inflammatory response that will increase the production of macrophage cells from TNF- so that inflammation is reduced. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: administration of turmeric extract can stabilize the pH of gastric acid so that it can increase the healing rate of gastric ulcers. So that the turmeric rhizome has a protective effect on the stomach</p> Shelvia Athala ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/616 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Bay Leaf (Syzygium polyanthum) on Triglyceride and Total Blood Cholesterol Levels in Dyslipidemic Patients https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/617 <p>Background: Dyslipidemia results from abnormalities in lipid metabolism or plasma lipid transport or disturbances in the synthesis and degradation of plasma lipoproteins characterized by an increase or decrease in the lipid fraction in plasma. Bay leaf (<em>Sygium polyanthum</em>) is a plant whose leaves are widely used for flavoring in Indonesian cuisine, in its use, bay leaves have many benefits and other properties, one of which can be used as herbal medicines for cholesterol disease. Objective: to determine the effect of bay leaf extract (<em>Syzygium polyanthum</em>) on triglyceride and total blood cholesterol levels. Methods: Using literature studies from both national and international journals by summarizing the discussion topics and comparing the results presented in each article. Result: Behind its health benefits, bay leaves are very easy to find in Indonesia. The decrease in cholesterol levels by giving bay leaf extract can occur because bay leaves (S. polyanthum) contain flavonoids, one of which is quercetin. Quercetin can inhibit the oxidation of LDL that has been modified by macrophages, namely by reducing the content of to-tocopherol contained in LDL particles. Flavonoids also work by inhibiting the HMG-CoA Reductase enzyme so that cholesterol synthesis decreases resulting in decreased blood cholesterol levels. Conclusion: giving bay leaves can reduce excessive triglyceride and total blood cholesterol levels.</p> Lovina Ramadhita Agung ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/617 Fri, 01 Oct 2021 03:28:21 +0000 The Effectiveness of Soursop Leaves (Annona muricata Linn) on Lowering Blood Pressure in Hypertension https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/618 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Hypertension is a non-communicable disease that is often referred to as the "silent killer" which can be defined as a condition in which the blood vessels have high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure &gt; 140 Soursop leaves are often used as an alternative treatment). hypertension. The content of soursop leaf which is estimated to reduce blood pressure is potassium ion. <strong>Result</strong>: to determine the effectiveness of soursop leaf (Annona muricata Linn) in reducing blood pressure in hypertension. <strong>Methods</strong>: Using literature studies from both national and international journals by summarizing the discussion topics and comparing The results are presented in each article. <strong>Results</strong>: Potassium ion has several mechanisms in lowering blood pressure, namely weakening myocardial contraction, increasing sodium excretion from the body, inhibiting renin release, causing vasodilation, and inhibiting endogenous vasoconstriction. High levels can increase sodium excretion, so that it can reduce blood volume and blood pressure. Flavonoids work as ACE inhibitors which will inhibit the change of AI into AII thereby reducing the secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) which makes the amount of urine secretion increase and a lot of salt (NaCl) is released which eventually results in a decrease in blood pressure. Vitamin C also plays a role in lowering blood pressure, because it can modulate the production of nitric oxide. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: giving soursop leaves can reduce blood pressure levels in hypertension</p> Niputu Swastini ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/618 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of Nurse Capacity Development in Health Services https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/628 <p>Introduction; Health services are public services carried out by organizations or health service facilities as an effort to fulfill the basic needs of the community. Aim; determine the determinant factors in developing the capacity of nurses in health services. Method; This research is qualitative, the data sources used are primary and secondary data sources. Data were collected by observation, interviews, and document studies. The data analysis used was descriptive qualitative through in-depth interpretation and meaning by simplifying data, presenting data, and making conclusions, and validating by data triangulation. Results: That the determinant factors determine the capacity development of nurses as follows; leadership; commitment; resources; culture; spiritual; technology; Conclusion; that it can be stated that the research findings on the strategy of developing the capacity of nurses in health services can be realized by; education and training based on spiritual aspects and technological aspects in developing nurse capacity.</p> Suprapto Suprapto, Trimaya Cahya Mulat ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/628 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Importance of Early Nutrition in Patients After Ileus Perforation Laparotomy Operations https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/607 <p>Background: Digestive surgery patients are very at risk of experiencing malnutrition, this is because the gastrointestinal tract function is not optimal. Patients who have perforated ileus really need nutrients to help reduce or cope with malnutrition. This is important because malnutrition can slow down the postoperative wound healing process. Objective: to find out more about the importance of early nutrition in patients with digestive surgery, especially in patients with ileus perforations. Methods: Using literature studies from both national and international journals by summarizing the discussion topics and comparing the results presented in the article. Results: Early nutrition will lead to faster wound recovery and healing and prevent complications from occurring so that the length of stay for patients will be shorter and will indirectly reduce costs incurred for patient treatment. Conclusion: There is an effect of early nutrition in patients after ileus perforation surgery</p> Laila Sholehah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/607 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Taste, Price, Hygiene and Cleanliness Related to the Selection of Sari Laut Restaurants https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/609 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Sari Laut food stalls are one of the food stalls that thrive in Kendari City and is also widely visited by the people of Kendari City and are one of the dining options. <strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;The purpose of this study is to determine what factors influence the selection of Sari Laut in Kendari City. <strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp;This type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional study design. This research was conducted in Mandonga Subdistrict, Poasia Subdistrict, Baruga Subdistrict, Kambu Subdistrict, Kadia Subdistrict, and West Kendari Subdistrict. The population of this research is 56 Sari Laut. The sample is 112 respondents of buyers at Sari Laut. <strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;there was a significant relationship between the taste of food (ρValue = 0.004) and the price of food (ρValue = 0.023) with the selection of a place to eat seafood. There is no significant relationship between personal hygiene (ρValue = 0.091), cleanliness of eating places (ρValue = 0.402), and cleanliness of cutlery and cooking utensils (ρValue = 1,000) with the selection of a place to eat seafood.&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;factors related to the choice of Sari Laut stalls, namely the taste of food and the price of food.</em></p> Jumakil Jumakil, Virda Yanti, Harleli Harleli, Fithria Fithria ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/609 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Community Behavior in Using Toilets https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/629 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> government efforts have been made to improve sanitation so that it can run well to support national commitments and achieve the targets of development agreements in countries in the world. One of the MDG's targets related to sanitation is to increase access to drinking water and basic sanitation on an ongoing basis by half of the proportion of the population who do not have access.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong> to know the behavior of the community in using healthy latrines.&nbsp;<strong>Methods:</strong> The research used was observational (quantitative) with a cross-sectional study design. Results: showed that the level of knowledge did not have a significant relationship with the use of latrines =273&gt;α=0.05, the level of income had a significant relationship with the use of latrines = 0.000&lt;α=0.05, the condition of the latrines had a significant relationship with the use of latrines = 0.000&lt;α=0.05 and the support of community leaders were significantly related to the use of latrines = 0.000&lt;α=0.05. While the condition of the latrine is the variable that most influences the use of the latrine, with a significant value (sig. = 0.000) or p-value &lt; 0.000 and the value of Exp (B) = 39,030. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> that the condition of the latrine greatly affects the use of the latrine. The support of community leaders and the support of health workers, mutual support and assistance, motivate the community to always maintain sanitation in their environment.</p> Erna Erna, Andi Yusuf, Rahmawati Azis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/629 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Application of Nursing Care Post Op Section Caesarea in Indications of Severe Preeclampsia https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/631 <p>Introduction; Sectio Caesarea is a medical action needed to assist in childbirth that cannot be carried out normally due to maternal health problems or the condition of the fetus, which is a factor that causes severe preeclampsia. Aim; knowing the application of Post Op Sc nursing care in indications of severe preeclampsia. Methods: The method used in this research is descriptive, with a case study approach taken in the postpartum ward of a private hospital in Makassar City in June 2020. Data were obtained from the patient's mother, nurses, health team, progress notes, and health records. Results: showing pain is the main problem that arises in Post Op Section Caesarea patients. After nursing actions, pain can be resolved. Conclusion; that from pain management carried out with the patient's pain results can be overcome influenced by the provision of developed pain management</p> Darmi Arda, Hartaty Hartaty ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/631 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship of Behavioral Factors with Elderly Visits at Posbindu Elderly https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/630 <p>Introduction: the elderly are healthy adults who undergo a process of change into weak and vulnerable people due to the lack of most of the physiological system reserves and increased susceptibility to various diseases and death. Objective: To determine factors related to elderly visits at posbindu for the elderly. Method; This type of research is quantitative with an analytical survey, using a cross-sectional approach. The sample in this study was 60 elderly people. Sampling in this study used a non-random sampling method using the Total Sampling technique. Data collection through questionnaires and analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. Results: The results showed that knowledge, attitudes, emotional support, and needs were significantly related to the utilization of posbindu for the elderly. Meanwhile, family support, care support, and information media in statistical tests were not related to the use of posbindu in the elderly. The emotional support of the elderly has the most influence on the use of posbindu for the elderly, with a significant value (sig.=0.003) or p&lt;0.015 and Exp(B)=5.935. Conclusion: that the emotional support of the elderly towards the posyandu is the most influential factor in the utilization of the posyandu. All parties are expected to support and help each other, motivate and assist and assist the elderly to always take advantage of the posyandu for the elderly on a regular and continuous basis.</p> Astriani Astriani, Muhammad Syafar, Rahmawati Azis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/630 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Snakehead Fish Extract (Channa striata) and Metformin on Glycemic Control of Rats with Diabetes Mellitus Model https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/639 <p><em>Introduction; Diabetes mellitus (DM) is still a major problem where people with DM today range from 463 million adults aged 20-79 years (9.3%). Cork fish (Channa striata) is one of the natural ingredients containing albumin that is reviewed to have antioxidant activity in beta-pancreatic cells so it is believed to treat DM. Snakehead fish has some efficacy including; has antinociceptive activity, accelerates wound healing, and is an anti-inflammatory. Objective; To determine the effect of snakehead fish extract and metformin on glycemic control of male rats with diabetes mellitus. Methods; This study used an experimental method with a post-test-only control group design. Results; Based on the Kruskal Walis test, it showed (p &lt; 0.05) meaning that there was an effect of EIG administration on reducing blood glucose levels in rats, and there was a reduction of HbA1c but not significant. Conclusion; The combination of snakehead fish extract 300mg/kg BW and metformin 45 mg/kg BW was superior in lowering blood glucose and HbA1c levels compared to single therapy with snakehead fish extract or metformin.</em></p> OK Yulizal, Ravinder Singh, Hendra Salim, Hendy Million ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/639 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship between Triglyceride Levels and HbA1c Levels in Type II DM Patients https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/614 <p>Background; Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease characterized by hyperglycemia is caused by a lack of insulin production or ineffectiveness of the insulin. The higher the level of sugar in the blood will cause the accumulation of abdominal adipose tissue which is more easily lipolytic, resulting in an increase in triglyceride levels. Purpose: This study aims to describe the relationship between HbA1c and triglyceride levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: The method used in this study is retrospective observational analytic which uses a cross-sectional approach, using secondary data. The number of respondents was 1,360 DM patients who visited health services in Lampung Province in 2020. Research Result: the analysis between triglyceride levels and HbA1c levels showed the result of <em>p=0.000, </em>Because the value of <em>p=0.000 &lt;0.05, </em>it can be stated that Ha is accepted and Ho rejected or there is a significant relationship between triglyceride levels and HbA1c levels. Conclusion: showed that there was a positive relationship between triglyceride levels and HbA1c levels according to the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP)</p> Ahmad Hafid, Suharmanto Suharmanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/614 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Supporting and Inhibiting Factors of the Mentoring Role of Husbands to Wives During Pregnancy and Childbirth https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/635 <p>Introduction; the role of husband's assistance is still a socio-medical problem both at the global level and at the national and local levels. Aim; examine the factors supporting and inhibiting the role of husband's assistance to his wife during pregnancy and childbirth. Method; qualitative descriptive methods, exploratory and phenomenological studies. Data sources are primary and secondary data. Data collection techniques include observation, interviews, and documentation. The main instrument of the research is the author himself, supported by interview guides, recording, recording, and validating data, and field recording equipment, tape recorders, digital cameras. Data analysis models are carried out interactively and continue continuously until complete. The series of processes include data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. Results; that social structure, social actors (including empathy, positive perception, motivation, belief values, attitudes, social competence, and social behavior), family support, multidimensional changes in the wife, problem-solving, and conflict needs, are all supporting factors. Meanwhile, time, space, occupation, negative perception, frequency of pregnancy and childbirth, workplace policies, policies in health care centers, and wife's behavior are inhibiting factors. Conclusion; that the supporting factors for the role of husband's assistance to his wife during pregnancy until delivery are: social values ​​and norms; social factors, family support; multidimensional changes in the wife; and problem-solving and conflict needs</p> Theresia Limbong ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/635 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Community Based Total Sanitation Program Implementation https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/632 <p>Introduction; The challenges faced by Indonesia related to health development, especially in the field of hygiene and sanitation are still very large, so it is necessary to carry out integrated interventions through a community-based total sanitation approach. Aim; determine the influence of predisposing factors consisting of elements of knowledge, attitudes, perceptions in the 5 pillars of STBM. Method; The type of research used is quantitative observational design with a cross sectional study approach to see the effect of STBM triggering. Results; shows that knowledge, attitudes, family support and support from health workers are significantly related to the implementation of STBM. Meanwhile, the number of dependents, working status, income, and water availability in statistical tests are not related to the implementation of STBM. Knowledge, is the variable that most influences the implementation of STBM, with a significant value (sig.=0.000) or p&lt;0.010 and Exp(B)=12,267. Conclusion; respondents' knowledge of the implementation of STBM is the most influential factor in the implementation of STBM. It is hoped that all parties, especially family support and the support of health workers, support and help each other, motivating the community to always maintain sanitation in their environment.</p> Sumiati Sumiati, Andi Yusuf, Asrijun Juhanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/632 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the Effect of Triggers on Stopping Open Defecation https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/633 <p>Introduction: The government is trying to improve sanitation so that it can run well to support national commitments and achieve the targets of the development agreements of countries in the world. Objectives: To determine the relationship between education, income, latrine facilities, knowledge, attitudes, roles of health workers, roles of community leaders, and the most influential factors in changing open defecation behavior. Methods: The research used a quantitative observational design with a cross-sectional study approach to see the relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable. Results; show that there is no significant relationship between education, income, the role of community leaders, the role of health workers with changes in open defecation behavior and there is a relationship between latrine facilities, knowledge, and attitudes with open defecation behavior. Conclusion: that knowledge is very influential on changes in defecation behavior. The health officials and community leaders support each other in motivating the community to always maintain sanitation in their environment</p> Erni Ekawati Marselina, Andi Yusuf, Asrijun Juhanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/633 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Study of risk factors for stunting in children under five in the highlands and lowlands https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/634 <p>Introduction: nutritional problems are a global problem throughout the world. Malnutrition is an occurrence of wrong nutrition, it can be undernutrition or overnutrition. Globally, the incidence of stunting is still very high, including in Indonesia. Objective: to analyze the risk factors for stunting in children under five in the Highlands and Lowlands. Methods: The research used is quantitative with a case-control research design. The research location in Jeneponto Regency is divided based on the highland and lowland areas with a total sample of 76 studies (38 stunting toddlers and 38 normal toddlers) in the highland and lowland areas with a total sample of 152 toddlers aged 6-59 months. Data were processed using SPSS with univariate and bivariate analysis. Results: that the results show that the source of drinking water in the highlands (p=0.037; OR 2.676 (CI=1.049-6.829) is a risk factor for stunting. Conclusion: that the source of drinking water is a risk factor for stunting. So it is hoped that further checks will be made on drinking water quality in highland areas, providing education to families regarding drinking water management.</p> Harlina Harlina, Healthy Hidayanty, Muh Ilyas Nur ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/634 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the Effect of Counseling Methods (Lectures) on Giving Education on Drugs to Patients with Pulmonary TB https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/636 <p>Introduction: tuberculosis is the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases in the world. Aim: determine the effect of health promotion methods in providing education on taking medication in patients with pulmonary TB. Methods: experimental research with posttest only control design Method Using a quasiexperimental Quasi Experiment Method The sample in this study was 27 people in each group so that the number of respondents was 54 people. Results: showed no significant difference between the attitudes of the experimental group and the control group The behavior of patients with pulmonary TB in the experimental group Mean Rank 43 11 and the control group Mean Rank 38 85 the difference in the value of delta 7 26 p-value 0 382 0 05 means that there is no significant difference between the behavior of the experimental group and the control group. Conclusion: that there is a significant effect between the implementation of health promotion counseling on the knowledge of pulmonary TB patients and there is no significant effect between the implementation of health promotion counseling on the attitudes and behavior of pulmonary TB patients.</p> Mimi Dehmi, Andi Yusuf, Asrijun Juhanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/636 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Risks Affecting the Incidence of Acute Respiratory Infections in Toddlers https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/641 <p>Introduction: One of the most common causes of death in children in developing countries is Acute Respiratory Infection. Objective: To determine the analysis of risk factors that influence the incidence of ARI in children under five. Methods: This type of case-control study is retrospective. Arungkeke Public Health Center, Jeneponti Regency, involving 96 respondents, where the case sample was 48 respondents and control was 48 respondents. The instrument of this research used a questionnaire. The analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis with (chi-square test). Results: showed age under five (p=0.505) and OR = 0.743, immunization status (p=0.003) and OR = 5,500 times at risk, mother's knowledge (p= 0.000) and OR = 9,000 times at risk, residential density (p = 0.308) and OR = 1.346 times at risk, nutritional status (p = 0.660) and OR 1.214 times at risk. Conclusion: that there is a relationship between immunization status, knowledge, occupancy density with the incidence of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection. Immunization officers make interesting and fun activities when Healthcare Center activities are held so that parents and toddlers are happy to come to Healthcare Center places</p> Fatmawati S, Muhammad Awal, Muhammad Rifai ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/641 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of the Occurrence of Early Marriage and Its Impact on Families and Society https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/642 <p>Introduction: The phenomenon of early marriage is still happening even though the law has prohibited it. Early marriage occurs because of educational factors, promiscuity, economics, and cultural norms. Objective: To determine the determinants of the occurrence of early marriage and the impact on the family and society. Methods: Descriptive research design is research conducted with a purpose. The research location is in the District of Rilau Ale, Bulukumba Regency with a total sample of 42 people. Data were processed using SPSS with univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Results: Based on the results, it was found that there was an early marriage because almost all respondents experienced promiscuity as many as 22 (52.38%), cultural norms that could be trusted were 28 (66.67%) while those who could not be trusted were 14 (33, 33%). Conclusion: that the economic factors that have an influence on the occurrence of early marriage. To religious leaders, community leaders, and government officials to further dig up information and health education for teenagers about early marriage.</p> Miftahul Jannah, Sukri Palutturi, Muhammad Syafar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/642 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis Analysis of Factors Associated with the Incidence of Diarrhea in Children https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/643 <p>Abstract. Introduction; Diarrhea is a major problem because as a cause of death it can cause extraordinary events. Aim; This study aims to determine the factors associated with the incidence of diarrhea in children. Methodology; This research uses a descriptive-analytic research method with a cross-sectional study approach. The population in this study were all mothers of school-age children (6-12 years) with a total sample of 66 children. Results; This study shows the relationship between the availability of clean water (<em>ρ</em>=0,001), handwashing habits (<em>ρ</em>=0,004), food sanitation (<em>ρ</em>=0,024), availability of latrines (<em>ρ</em>=0,000), and waste management (<em>ρ</em>=0,003) with the incidence of diarrhea in children. child. Conclusion; There is a relationship between the availability of clean water, hand washing habits, food sanitation, availability of latrines, and waste management with the incidence of diarrhea in children.</p> Agus Tuang ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/643 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Patient Satisfaction at the Piru Regional General Hospital https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/645 <p>Introduction: patient satisfaction is an "outcome" of health services. About improving the quality of health services. Objective: to find out how satisfied patients are in the midst of the Covid19 outbreak being treated. Methods: This research uses quantitative research, with a cross-sectional study approach that aims to determine the relationship between the two variables, namely the independent variable of service quality and the dependent variable of patient satisfaction which is carried out simultaneously. Results: showed that reliability, assurance, physical evidence, empathy, and responsiveness resulted in a p-value = 0.000 this means that there is a relationship between all variables with patient satisfaction. Conclusion: that there is a relationship between reliability, assurance, physical evidence, empathy, and responsiveness with patient satisfaction. Improving the quality of service is very necessary for expertise according to their respective scientific fields for all health service providers</p> Yerry Soumokil, Muhammad Syafar, Andi Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/645 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Social Determinants of Health on Dots Treatment Adherence to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/646 <p>Introduction; pulmonary TB is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Transmission occurs when a smear-positive pulmonary TB patient coughs or sneezes and the patient accidentally spreads germs into the air in the form of phlegm splashes. The purpose of this study was to determine the existence of social determinants of health on the compliance of dots treatment with pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Method; This research uses a descriptive-analytic method by using the "Cross-Sectional" study approach method by taking a sample from a population and using a questionnaire as a data collection tool. The population in this study was a sample of 33 people. The data obtained were processed in the form of univariate bivariate and multivariate analysis with =0.05 using SPSS. Results; shows that the relationship between knowledge p = 0.02, family support p = 0.01, drug swallowing supervision p = 0.00. Conclusion; that there is a relationship between knowledge, family support, and supervision of drug ingestion on adherence to DOTs treatment of pulmonary TB patients</p> Kartikasari Masting, Muhammad Syafar, Andi Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/646 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Determinant Factors Affecting Adolescent Nutritional Status https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/651 <p>Introduction: The youth group as a determinant of the quality of human resources, carries the baton in continuing the nation's development so that adolescents need to get attention in terms of health and nutrition. The purpose of analyzing the determinant factors that affect the nutritional status of adolescents. Method; This research uses quantitative. Data collection techniques through the distribution of questionnaires as an instrument of probability sampling technique. Univariate, bivariate, and multiple linear regression analysis. Results; show the factors that most influence the nutritional status of adolescent knowledge with a B value of 0.558. Conclusion; that there is a significant influence between knowledge of nutrition, diet, food ingredients, and family support on nutritional status.</p> Detrina Friskadian Uramako ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/651 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship between Demographics and Comorbidities with the Incidence of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/655 <p>Introduction: TB RO cases in Lampung Province always increase from year to year with a total of 87 cases until 2020. Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between demographics and comorbidities with the incidence of TB RO. Methods: This study is an observational analytic study, with a case-control design. The total population in this study amounted to 925 people. The number of samples was 51 people consisting of 17 cases and 34 controls or with a ratio of 1:2. The dependent variable in this study was the incidence of TB RO while the independent variables in this study were demographics which included age, gender, education, occupation, and income as well as comorbidities. The data collection tool in this study used Medical Record (RM) data at the South Lampung District Health Center. The analysis used univariate using percentage and bivariate analysis using chi-square test. Results: This study found that there was no relationship between age, gender, education, occupation, and income with the incidence of TB RO in the South Lampung Regency, while the comorbid DM variable was associated with the incidence of TB RO. Conclusion: there is a significant relationship between DM comorbid variables and the incidence of TB RO. Suggestion: suggestions that can be given to patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis are to remain obedient in consuming drugs regularly with a schedule that has been set by health workers.</p> Anisah Anisah, Dyah Wulan Sumekar, Endang Budiarti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/655 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Factors Affecting Health Center Employee Performance https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/657 <p>Introduction; quality health services provided to patients are a benchmark for the success of services, and various business or service activities. Objective; analyze the factors that affect the performance of puskesmas employees. Method; The research design used in this study was observational with a Cross-Sectional Study approach with a sample of 35 Puskesmas employees. Results; show that the variables of education (ρ=0.546), work discipline (ρ=0.243), and facilities (ρ=403) have no effect on employee performance. Variables of motivation (ρ=0.000), compensation (ρ=0.000), and work environment (ρ=0.031) have an influence on the performance of employees at the Public Health Center. Conclusion; that motivation has the strongest influence on performance. The need for increased motivation, compensation and a good work environment for employees in an effort to improve employee performance</p> Zulkifli Mansyur, Andi Yusuf, Muhammad Rifai ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/657 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship of Post Natal Care Client Satisfaction to the Quality of Midwife Services at the Puskesmas https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/654 <p>Pendahuluan; cara untuk mengurangi angka kematian ibu, perlu adanya kualitas pelayanan yang di perlukan oleh setiap klien karena dengan pelayanan yang baik dapat menumbuhkan kepercayaan klien terhadap pelayanan. Tujuan; untuk mengetahui hubungan Kepuasan Klien <em>Post Natal Care</em> terhadap kualitas pelayanan Bidan. Metode; penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan <em>Cross Sectional. </em>Hasil; menunjukkan ada hubungan antara ketanggapan bidan dengan kepuasan klien <em>post natal care</em> serta ada hubungan antara perhatian bidan dengan kepuasan klien <em>post natal care</em>. Kesimpulan: bahwa ada hubungan antara pelayanan bidan terhadap kepuasan ibu nifas</p> Hatijar Hatijar, Risma Putri Utama, Dian Susanti Toyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/654 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Association Between Allergic Rhinitis and Academic Achievement https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/652 <p>Introduction: Allergic rhinitis is the most common form of chronic rhinitis. More than 10% of the world's population suffers from allergic rhinitis. The impact of allergic rhinitis on academic performance is still unclear. Objective: This study aims to determine the impact of allergic rhinitis on academic performance. Method: Reviewing literature that has been published in national and international journals with the keywords allergic rhinitis, academic performance, and quality of life on databases such as NCBI, Pubmed, and Google Scholar which its title and abstract is assessed for relevance, then it was used as a source for the paper. Result: Detrimental impact of allergic rhinitis on academic performance appeared on severe allergic rhinitis and uncontrolled allergic rhinitis, while on the contrary individuals with mild or controlled allergic rhinitis experience elevated academic performance, this could be explained because most allergic rhinitis occurs in developed countries and urban areas, which has a highly competitive culture. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between allergic rhinitis with academic performance</p> Muhammad Anfasha Admar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/652 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Energy and Protein Consumption Levels with Toddler Nutritional Status https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/660 <p>Introduction: Lack of protein-energy or malnutrition is one of the nutritional disorders in the world and Indonesia. Purpose: The purpose was to determine the relationship between the level of energy and protein consumption with the nutritional status of children under five. Method: This research used is observational analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The research was conducted in December 2020. The sampling technique used a total sampling of 81 toddlers. Data collection tools using questionnaires and observation sheets. Data analysis used the Spearman Rank correlation test. Result: Most toddlers have energy and protein consumption in good category and nutritional status is normal. Conclusion: There is a relationship between energy and protein consumption with the nutritional status of children under five. The community can pay more attention to the food consumed by toddlers so that it can improve the health status of children.</p> Dieni Septiawati, Yaktoworo Indriani, Reni Zuraida ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/660 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Movement Functions of the Elderly and the Level of Independence of the Elderly https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/663 <p>Introduction: the function of joint motion connects one bone to another. Independence, the ability to carry out daily activities or tasks alone or with the stages of development and capacity. Aim; determine the relationship between joint function and the level of independence of the elderly. Method: used correlation analysis with a cross-sectional approach. For the population of all elderly people aged &gt; 60 years, sampling by purposive sampling technique met the inclusion criteria. Data collection with goniometer measuring scale questionnaire instruments and observation sheets. Results: showed that the value of p = 0.339 &lt;0.05. Conclusion; that there is no relationship between the movement function of the elderly and the level of independence of the elderly</p> Badaruddin Badaruddin, Abubakar Betan ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/663 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Attitudes and Knowledge of Coffee Shop Visitors with Compliance with the Use of Masks During the Covid-19 Pandemic https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/665 <p>Introduction; Most of the Covid-19 deaths in this outbreak were caused by comorbid or comorbid diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Purpose; knowing the relationship between the attitudes and knowledge of coffee shop visitors with compliance with the use of masks during the Covid-19 pandemic. Method; this type of descriptive research using a cross-sectional study design. The sampling technique used was accidental sampling as well as by using a questionnaire. Results; show attitude with a p-value of 0.000 and knowledge p-value of 0.000. Conclusion; that there is an influence on the attitude and knowledge of coffee shop visitors with compliance with the use of masks during the Covid-19 pandemic. recommendations for coffee shop owners to continue to provide instructions such as announcements in the form of pamphlets and provide a place to wash hands, as well as provide the distance for visitors when sitting to reduce the spread of Covid-19</p> Sarifudin Andi Latif, La Ode Swardin, Asrianto La Ode ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/665 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000