Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH <p><strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> is a journal managed by the Sandi Karsa Nursing Academy . Publishing Research articles and Literature Reviews in the field of Health&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1531653511&amp;1&amp;&amp;">e-ISSN:&nbsp;2654-4563</a>&nbsp;dan&nbsp;</strong><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1383829199&amp;1&amp;&amp;"><strong>p-ISSN: 2354-6093</strong></a>.&nbsp;<strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> Published twice a year in June and December. Articles that have been published can be downloaded for free, read, and disseminated as a reference for further articles. Paper is submitted online by registering first on this website or it can be sent via Download the <a href="https://docs.google.com/document/d/1iBPPZ45qxEmxjhgHRygrvuhAa3uAa22C/edit" target="_blank" rel="noopener">template</a> here and the <a href="https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/AG" target="_blank" rel="noopener">writing guide</a> here and submit the article along with the <a href="https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/PE" target="_blank" rel="noopener">publication etic</a> email&nbsp;<a href="mailto:lppm.akpersk@gmail.com">lppm.akpersk@gmail.com</a>&nbsp;</p> Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Akademi Keperawatan Sandi Karsa (Merger) Politeknik Sandi Karsa en-US Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada 2354-6093 Parity Status with Anxiety Levels in Preoperative Mother Sectio Caesarea https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/752 <p><strong>Introduction;</strong> Pregnancy is a vulnerable period of risk of psychological disorders for a pregnant woman; one of these disorders is anxiety. Parity is a history of childbirth with the number of pregnancies as a physiological state that can be followed by pathological processes that can threaten the state of the mother and fetus. Ideally, the parity of a pregnant woman is 2 3 with a delivery distance of 3-4 years.</p> <p><strong>Purpose;</strong> Knowing the relationship between the parity status of pregnant women with the level of anxiety of preoperative Sectio Caesarea mothers.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong style="text-align: justify;">Method;</strong><span style="text-align: justify;"> This study used a correlation descriptive design with a cross-sectional approach and purposive sampling technique performed on 34 pregnant women with preoperative Sectio Caesarea. The questionnaire used was the Hamilton Rating scale for Anxiety (HRS-A).</span></p> <p><span style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Results;</strong> Based on the results of the analysis that has been carried out using the chi-square test obtained with a p-value of 0.004.</span></p> <p><strong style="text-align: justify;">Conclusion;</strong><span style="text-align: justify;"> There is a significant association between parity and anxiety status in preoperative mothers of section Caesarea. Anxiety preoperative mother Sectio Caesarea experiences mild anxiety.</span></p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> Ni Made Dewi Susanti Risma Putri Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 297 307 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.752 Risk Factors for Stunting in Toddlers in Developing Countries https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/758 <p><strong>Introduction;</strong> Stunting in toddlers is one of the nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. As many as 21.3% or around 144 million toddlers in the world are stunted, more than half of the world's stunted toddlers are from Asia, and more than two-fifths live in Africa. Stunting is a serious threat to the existence of children as the next generation of a nation.</p> <p><strong>Purpose;</strong> This study analyzed the risk factors associated with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries using a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.</p> <p><strong>Method;</strong> Literature search using online journal portals namely ProQuest, PubMed, and Garuda. The journal used in this study is a journal with a maximum reputation of Q2 and sinta 2, in the period 2010-2020, with a cross-sectional and case-control study design.</p> <p><strong>Results;</strong> Based on the search results, seven kinds of literature were obtained, and conducted by systematic literature review was.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion;</strong> The results of the meta-analysis of risk factors related to the incidence of stunting in toddlers in developing countries are birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding</p> Qurratu Falmuariat Thresya Febrianti Mustakim Mustakim ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 308 315 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.758 Potential Effect of Mobile Phone Electromagnetic Wave Radiation on Health https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/759 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Mobile phones are currently undergoing development, with a variety of conveniences that they can do. Cell phones, or what is known as smartphones or smartphones at this time, produce electromagnetic wave radiation that affects the health of the human body.</p> <p><strong>Aims:</strong> Knowing the effect of mobile phone electromagnetic radiation on human brain health.</p> <p><strong> Method:</strong> Research using narrative-type Literature Review, journals, and books nationally and internationally. Electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone use affects several human health disorders.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Indications of these health problems can be in the form of tumors and cancer in the brain, which can cause stress, and disruption of sperm, gliomas, and red blood cells. Interference caused by the electromagnetic radiation of mobile phones to health is still a polemic.</p> <p><strong> Conclusion:</strong> Electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone use can potentially cause some health disorders.</p> Yushardi Yushardi Sudarti Sudarti Muhammad Najih Hamdi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 316 322 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.759 Effective Cough Management Due to Pulmonary Tuberculosis https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/762 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Tuberculosis is a public health problem around the world, with Indonesia in particular being the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases.</p> <p><strong> Objective:</strong> Carry out comprehensive nursing care to clients experiencing respiratory system disorders due to Pulmonary TB with effective cough interventions.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The design of the study uses a case study, which aims to describe the phenomenon with a nursing care approach.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Showing clients said frequent coughs at night, coughing up phlegm, and difficulty removing phlegm are the causes of this Pulmonary TB results in primary infection of the alveoli resulting in increased secretion production resulting in ineffective airway clearance problems.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Optimization of airway management in pulmonary tuberculosis nursing care with airway clearance is not effective</p> Irpan Ali Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 323 329 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.762 Holistic Management of Atopic Dermatitis and Bronchial Asthma https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/766 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Atopic dermatitis is a chronic recurrent skin inflammation, characterized by itching, appearing at certain predilection sites, and associated with other atopic diseases. Its prevalence in Indonesia tends to increase every year.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Implementing evidence-based family medicine services for patients by identifying risk factors, and clinical problems, and managing patients with a patient-centered and family-focused approach.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>This case report obtained primary data through autoanamnesis, also anamnesis, physical examination, and home visits. A holistic diagnostic assessment is carried out quantitatively and qualitatively.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The patient is a 69-year-old female with atopic dermatitis and asthma. She thought that her skin condition would improve by scratching and applying ointment. She was worried that the itching would get worse and disturb her sleep. She hopes her skin condition can improve. Patients and families had atopic history, advanced age, lack of knowledge about the disease, and exposure to allergens.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Holistic diagnostic and comprehensive management of this patient was based on the latest theory and research. During the evaluation, there was a clinical improvement in the patient, an increase in knowledge, and a change in the behavior of the patient and family</p> Indah Dian Shafira Aila Karyus ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 330 342 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.766 Psycho-Improving Nurses with Measurement Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (Aspires) https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/772 <p><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong><em> Psychosprituals are the integrative energy nurses need to serve patients. An empathetic nurse is a nurse who can develop psycho-spirituality, which is a need that must be met. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective:</strong> To get a clear picture of nurses in psychospiritual aspects in several private hospitals in South Sulawesi. Method: This study is comparative analytical research with a cross-sectional multisite study approach. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> showed that the psychospiritual level of nurses at several private hospitals in Makassar city was good. ASPIRES is categorized as good if you get a score&gt;70; the category is sufficient if you get a score of 35–70 and categorized as less if the value is &lt;35. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There are significant psychospiritual differences in nurses based on demographic characteristics, namely gender, age, level of education, and length of service. It can be used as information material for hospitals to improve the quality of services by paying attention to psychospiritual aspects through programs offered by researchers</em></p> Blasius Perang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 343 350 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.772 Increased Cholesterol Levels and Age in Housewives https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/775 <p><strong>Introduction;</strong> Cholesterol is a metabolite of fat that contains sterol compounds and is primarily concentrated in cell membranes in the body and the circulatory system.</p> <p><strong>Purpose;</strong> To determine the total cholesterol level in homemakers (IRT) based on the age range category of 25-80 years and the relationship between increasing total cholesterol levels with the age of IRT.</p> <p><strong>Method;</strong> The research method is descriptive-analytical with a cross-sectional approach, with a total sample of 30 and the sampling technique is purposive sampling. Data on the relationship between total cholesterol levels and age were statistically analyzed by bivariate analysis with the Pearson correlation index on SPSS software.</p> <p><strong>Results;</strong> Total of 30 IR respondents, the average cholesterol level was 198.07 mg/dL, and the average age was 47.87 years. 50% of respondents have good cholesterol levels, 26.67% in the border category, and 23.33% in the danger category, with the highest cholesterol levels being 297 mg/dL and the lowest being 130 mg/dL.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion;</strong> Total cholesterol levels in IRT in Tanjung are dominated by women over 45 years, with cholesterol levels ranging from 130 to 300 mg/dL, and there is a strong relationship between increased cholesterol levels in the body and rising age</p> Fajar Husen Nuniek Ina Ratnaningtyas Nur Aini Hidayah Khasanah Nilasari Indah Yuniati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 351 359 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.775 Effectiveness of Giving Red Ginger Water Against Reducing the Intensity of Dysmenorrhea Pain in Young Women https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/779 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Dysmenorrhea results from an excessive amount of prostaglandins. The chemical content of gingerol in red ginger can block prostaglandins to reduce pain at the time of menstruation.</p> <p><strong>Aims:&nbsp;</strong>To analyze the effectiveness of giving red ginger water in reducing the intensity of dysmenorrhea pain in young women.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Metode:&nbsp;</strong>Quantitative research method- pre-experiment design, One Group Pretest Posttest Design. The sample uses a non-probability sampling technique with a purposive sampling method. The instrument uses a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) questionnaire. Meanwhile, data analysis used the Wilcoxon test with a confidence level of α = 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Showed that there was effectiveness between red ginger water and dysmenorrhoea where p-value = 0.0001.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:&nbsp;</strong>There is effectiveness between red ginger water and dysmenorrhoea. It is suggested that the findings of this study can be a solution to overcoming dysmenorrhoea by using a type of non-pharmacological therapy, namely the administration of red ginger water.</p> Putri Isti Karomah Diah Atmarina Yuliani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 360 366 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.779 Level of Knowledge of High-Risk Pregnant Women Through Soft Skill Competence and Performance of Health Workers https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/780 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Building health is a way to increase awareness, willingness, and ability to live a healthy life for everyone so that an optimal level of public health can be achieved.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Knowing the influence of knowledge levels on high-risk pregnant women through soft skill competence and the performance of health workers.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Quantitative research conducted. The study population was the entire pregnant woman. The sampling technique is simple random sampling with the slovin formula so that the sample of this study is 126 people. Data collection techniques involve observation, questionnaires, interviews, and documentation, while data analysis techniques use path analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Show that high-risk pregnancies can be handled with better knowledge, soft skill competence, and health workers' performance. The story of knowledge is a variable that has a dominant influence on high-risk pregnancies, which is indicated by the high advocacy and empowerment carried out by health workers in supporting the quality of pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> High-risk pregnancies can be handled with better knowledge, soft skill competence, and health workers' performance. However, the competence of soft skills and the implementation of health workers contribute to improving pregnancy quality</p> Rukina Rukina Dwi Pangastuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 367 377 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.780 Analysis of Warm Water Compresses as An Intervention of Gout Arthritis with Acute Pain Problems in Elderly Families https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/785 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Gout arthritis is a metabolic bone disorder caused by the abnormal metabolism of purines characterized by increased levels of uric acid in the blood, causing pain in the local supply. One of the therapies that can be used to reduce the scale of pain in Gout arthritis patients is warm water compresses.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Analyze the effect of warm water compresses on the scale of pain in Gout arthritis patients. Method: Descriptive design with a case study approach.</p> <p><strong>Results showed</strong>&nbsp;a difference in the pain scale before and after warm water administration compresses in Gout Arthritis patients.</p> <p><strong> Conclusion:</strong> Warm water compresses are effective for lowering the scale of pain in patients with Gout arthritis because they can reduce muscle spasms, stimulate pain, cause vasodilation, and increase blood flow. Blood vessels will dilate so that it improves blood circulation in these tissues</p> Arita Murwani Nuryati Nuryati Anna Nur Hikmawati RR Viantika Kusumasari Riza Yulina Amri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 378 383 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.785 Effect of Health Education on Adolescents' Knowledge and Attitudes About Promiscuous Sex https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/786 <p><strong>Introduction:&nbsp;</strong>Indonesian teenagers seem to be more tolerant of premarital sexual lifestyles or promiscuous sex. Many factors influence this behavior, one of which is the attitude and knowledge about the free sex itself. This knowledge and attitude can be improved by providing counseling or health education.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong>&nbsp;Knowing the effect of health education on adolescents' knowledge and attitudes about promiscuous sex.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;Pre-Experimental type of research with the research design is One Group pre-test post-test design. The sample of this study included 84 students at SMK Negeri 6 Makassar using Cluster Sampling as a sampling technique for the Research Instrument using a questionnaire. The data analysis used is bivariate analysis, Paired Sample T test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Showed that there was an increase in the number of respondents who had good knowledge between before and after health education, namely an average change of 7,131 (± 3,229) by 98.8% with a p value of 0.000. And there was an increase in the number of respondents who had a good attitude between before and after health education, namely an average change of 3,917 (± 3,860) by 100% with a p value of 0.000.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That there is an influence of health education on students' knowledge and attitudes (i) about promiscuous sex.</p> Fitriani Fitriani Nur Ekawati Dewi Sartika MS Nelly Nugrawati Siti Alfah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 384 391 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.786 Implementation of Occupational Safety and Health Management System https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/797 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The Occupational Health and Safety Management System is part of the company's general risk management system, which includes policies and commitments, planning, implementation, measurement and evaluation.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>To determine the performance of the occupational health and safety management system applied at PT. Is Bosowa Concrete Indonesia by Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 50 of 2012.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This type of research is qualitative, with a phenomenological approach with nine informants.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Indicates that the implementation of SMK3 has been carried out based on PP No. 50 of 2012, which covers policies and commitments, planning, implementation, measurement and evaluation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In implementing SMK3, there are still obstacles starting with the procurement of PPE, which is often late, the low culture of K3 discipline and the weak sanctions given to workers who violate the provisions. And the lack of competent human resources makes monitoring such a large work area impossible to do simultaneously.</p> Sitti Nurfaizah M Risal Musfirah Musfirah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 392 402 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.797 Community Participation with Diarrhea Incidence Rate https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/799 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Diarrhea is one of the most common causes of child morbidity and mortality, exacerbated by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene services, and malnutrition, especially in developing countries.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Knowing the participation of the community in the incidence of diarrhea.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Quantitative research design using an observational analytical approach with Cross-Sectional. The total sample of 69 people, the collection of in-depth interview data, observation, and document review, were analyzed univariately and bivariate with the help of SPSS version 21.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This shows that the chi-square statistical test obtained a p-value = 0.000 &lt; 0.05 for the role of society.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a relationship between the part of society with the incidence of diarrhea. Therefore, in conducting socialization and education or counseling about the incidence of diarrhea to the entire community by collaborating with health workers to increase the community's active role in health.</p> Nurhaedah Nurhaedah Rahmat Pannyiwi Suprapto Suprapto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 403 409 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.799 Risk Factors and Management of Mirror Syndrome https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/800 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Mirror syndrome is a rare prenatal clinical condition associated with significant fetal death and maternal morbidity.</p> <p><strong>Objective</strong>: To Know more about Mirror Syndrome comprehensively.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: The literature review study combines the essence of several relevant sources from national and international sources.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>:&nbsp;Mirror syndrome is defined by the presence of a clinical trial that includes fetal hydrops, placental hydrops, and maternal oedema. Several fetoplacental diseases are also associated with MS, which can be classified into diverse groups based on: different etiologies.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: There are many things still unknown about Mirror Syndrome. Early diagnosis is essential to determine the etiology of Mirror Syndrome and the appropriate treatment according to its type.</p> Muhammad Hasbi Sahbani Nurul Islamy Citra Yuliyanda Pardilawati Ratna Dewi Puspita Sari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 410 416 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.800 Nutritional Status and Other Factors with Labor Productivity During the Covid-19 Pandemic https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/802 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Labor is everyone who can do work to produce goods and services to meet their own needs and for society.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Mencari's relationship between nutritional status, disease history, work motivation, and work discipline with productivity during the Covid-19 pandemic. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> This type of research uses a cross-sectional research design. The population of this study was the entire non-lecturer workforce, and the sample in this study was 30 people.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Uji bivariate obtained a relationship between nutritional status (p= 0.03), work motivation (p = 0.04) with work productivity. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> A person with a normal nutritional status, good work motivation, and good work discipline can improve labor productivity. Companies are advised to pay attention to the nutritional status of work motivation and discipline.</p> Sintha Fransiske Simanungkalit Nanang Nasrulloh Iin Fatmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 417 423 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.802 Effect of Balanced Exercise and Ankle Strategy Exercise on the Risk of Falling in the Elderly https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/803 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Elderly people who have health problems are said to be more vulnerable (frailty). One aspect that causes the elderly to experience vulnerability is the high risk of falling.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> Determine the effect of balance training and Ankle Strategy Exercise on the risk of falls in the elderly.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Using comparative analytic research one group pretest-posttest design Population pre-elderly 50-60 years and elderly &gt;60 years, sampling with a purposive sampling technique that met the inclusion criteria. Data collection with the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) instrument.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Showed that the value of p = 0.000 (p &lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is an effect of giving balance exercises and ASE on the risk of falling in the elderly.</p> Riskah Nur’amalia Meutiah Mutmainnah Anggun Indah Lestari Sulastri Sulastri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 424 430 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.803 Analysis of Nurse Behavior in the Control and Prevention of Health Care Associated Infections (HAIs) https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/805 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The treatment room becomes a potential practice for transmitting infections either through direct contact when the patient receives services from a nurse or indirectly through tools, materials, and supporting facilities used in supporting nursing services.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Obtain a description of the nurse's behavior in implementing infection control and prevention in patients.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Use a descriptive observational design. The population of this study is nurses in the inpatient section, with a sample number of 60 nurses.</p> <p><strong> Results:</strong> Research shows that nurses' behavior in infection prevention and control is still not as good as (60%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Health workers, especially nurses, must apply universal precautions properly to reduce the number of Health Care Associated Infections (HAIs).</p> Mita Mita Muhammad Ali Maulana Sukarni Sukarni Yoga Pramana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 431 436 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.805 Analysis of Risk Factors for Anemia in Pregnancy during the Covid-19 Pandemic https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/807 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Anemia is one of the factors causing indirect maternal death. Anemia in pregnancy is a condition of mothers with maternal hemoglobin levels of less than 11.0 g / dL in the first and third trimesters and hemoglobin levels of less than 10.5 g / dL in the second trimester.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Knowing the factors that affect anemia in pregnancy during the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study uses analytical observational studies with a case-control study design. The sampling method uses the Purposive Sampling technique. The sample size in this study was 99 samples consisting of 33 cases and 66 controls. Data were obtained from three health centers in Palopo City: The Bara Permai Health Center, Fort Health Center, and South Wara Health Center.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Statistical analysis obtained the age of pregnant women (OR = 7,368; sig (0,000 &lt; 0.05), parity (OR = 2,754; sig = 0.047 &lt; 0.05), pregnancy distance (OR = 2,925; Sig-p=0.022), educate (OR=3.750; sig-p=0.003), adherence to consuming Fe tablets (OR=4.214; Sig-p=0.006, and LiLA status (OR=27.125; Sig-p = 0.000).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a meaningful influence between the age of pregnant women, parity, gestational distance, education, adherence to Fe tablet consumption, and LiLA status to anemia in pregnancy.</p> Arnianti Arnianti Adeliana Adeliana Hasnitang Hasnitang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 437 444 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.807 Impact of Preeclampsia Incidence in Pregnancy on Intrauterine Fetal Growth https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/810 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The most common maternal death causes are bleeding, pregnancy hypertension (preeclampsia and eclampsia), and infections.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Analyze the impact of preeclampsia in pregnancy on the growth of the fetus in the womb.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Observational analytical research with longitudinal panel study design. The population of pregnant women in samples taken by purposive sampling was 74 pregnant women.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Chi-square test P-value of 0.000 or &lt;0.05, preeclampsia and OR 0.017 (0.002-0.15), and regression analysis of preeclampsia status had an effect of 0.017. The determinant coefficient (Negelkerke R Square) shows that the probability value of pregnant women experiencing preeclampsia can cause the possibility of fetal growth to be inhibited by as much as 48%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That preeclampsia dramatically affects the development of the intrauterine fetus. To improve the nutritional status of intrauterine mothers and fetuses, counselling can be done on pregnant women.</p> Hasliana Haslan Ichsan Trisutrisno ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 445 454 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.810 Progressive Muscle Relaxation Lowers Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/811 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Hypertension or high blood pressure is still a health problem experienced by the world's population, especially in Indonesia. Hypertension or high blood pressure is an increase in systolic blood pressure 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure 90 mmHg when examined twice within 5 minutes in a calm state. One way to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients is to relax muscles progressively.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to explain progressive muscle relaxation in lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The retrieval and data collection method are carried out through library research by tracing the results of scientific publications from 2017-2022 through the Google Scholar, Pubmed, and Researchgate databases.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Progressive muscle relaxation can be done continuously at least twice daily for 25-30 minutes.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Progressive muscle relaxation should be done correctly with the correct sequence, movement, and focus so that individuals who do progressive muscle relaxation feel relaxed. Progressive muscle relaxation can be done independently or in combination with other non-pharmacological techniques</p> Muhammad Basri Sitti Rahmatia Baharuddin K Nur Afni Oktaviani Akbar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 455 464 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.811 Progressive Policies and Efforts in Overcoming Stunting in Toddlers https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/814 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Stunting is a condition of growth failure in children under five due to chronic malnutrition characterized by their length or height being below the standard.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Know progressive policies and efforts in overcoming stunting in toddlers. Method: Qualitative research with 16 informants, including ordinary and key informants.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Show that aggressive actions in overcoming stunting are minimal because officers' knowledge, parenting, and role are still shallow.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That progressive efforts to combat stunting still need to be improved regarding maternal knowledge about healthy and nutritious food for toddlers. Policymakers to play a proactive role in tackling stunting through education, counselling, and empowerment to mothers of toddlers so that they can understand the causes and risks if their children suffer from stunting.&nbsp;</p> Sulfianti Fakhruddin Andi Muti’ah Sari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 465 472 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.814 Type instability of Blood Glucose Levels in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/816 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels (Hyperglycemia) due to damage to insulin secretion and insulin work; daily blood glucose levels vary, and blood sugar levels will increase after eating and return to normal within 2 hours.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To determine the instability of blood glucose levels in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Design qualitative research with a study approach, a method carried out to expose or describe the actual situation.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There was a gap between patient 1 and patient 2 in the study results. In patient 1, it was found that the patient had anemic conjunctiva, and patient 2 had no complaints of anemic conjunctiva. This happens because low hemoglobin levels can prove the presence of iron deficiency anemia. Serum protein levels provide an estimate of offal protein deposits.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The problem of nursing instability of blood glucose levels in patients has not been resolved because the blood glucose levels of both cases have not stabilized/are normal.</p> Nur Syamsi Norma Lalla Jena Rumatiga ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 473 479 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.816 Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults during the Covid-19 Pandemic https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/817 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Corona Virus Diseases (Covid-19) 's impact on older adults leads to physical health problems and can affect psychological issues such as depressive symptoms.</p> <p><strong>This study aims:</strong>&nbsp;To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older adults and the related factors that influence depressive symptoms.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study uses a literature review approach based on data sources from Google scholar, PubMed, and ProQuest.Then, 17,323 articles were filtered based on inclusion criteria, and 14 were included in this study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of depressive symptoms ranged from 7.7% to 62.3%. The older adults at risk of having symptoms of depression are the older adults in older age groups ≥ 75 old age, living alone, loneliness, lack of social contact with family and friends, and older adults with comorbidities or illnesses. The prevalence of depressive symptoms among older adults with comorbidities was 61%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results of this literature study can be used as a basis for providing interventions to older adults at risk of having symptoms of depression so that older adults can achieve physical and psychological well-being.</p> Made Dian Shanti Kusuma Anak Agung Ayu Yuliati Darmini ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 480 493 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.817 Core Strength Training Against Changes in Pain and Daily Living Activities in Patients with Low Back Pain https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/820 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Low Back Pain (LBP) is a complaint often found in the community; it is a problem in the community because it often results in sufferers being disturbed or unable to carry out daily tasks.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Knowing the effect of Core Strength Training (CST) on changes in pain and daily living (ADL) activities in patients with low back pain (LBP).</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> This study is quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest one-group design study where the effect of exercise is measured before and after treatment. The sample was 15 people consisting of 53.5% women and 46.7% men with an age range of 25-65 years.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Statistical tests using the Wilcoxon test obtained a significant value of p = 0.001 (p&lt;0.05), which showed that there were substantial changes before and after the administration of Core Strengthening Training by looking at a decrease in pain and an increase in Activity Daily Living (ADL) in Low Back Pain patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a decrease in pain and an increase in Activity Daily Living (ADL) after the administration of Core Strength Training in LBP patients.</p> Meutiah Mutmainnah Abdullah Riskah Nur’amalia Winda Mey Zulvina Zein Mauludil Adhim Herdin Herdin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 494 504 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.820 Personal Hygiene with The Incidence of Typhoid Fever https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/821 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Typhoid fever is closely related to personal hygiene, food hygiene, a slum environment, poor cleanliness of public places, and people's behavior that does not support healthy living.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the relationship between personal hygiene and the incidence of typhoid fever.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The research design was descriptive-analytical, with a total sample of 20 people.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The statistical test showed that the personal hygiene p-value: was 0.001, the washing p-value: was 0.010, and the level of public knowledge (was 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a relationship between personal hygiene, washing, and public knowledge level with typhoid fever incidence. Therefore, health workers can do prevention and control typhoid fever in the community.</p> Abubakar Betan Badaruddin Badaruddin Fatmawati Fatmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 505 512 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.821 Differences in Anxiety Levels of Primigravida and Multigravida III Trimester in the Face of Childbirth https://akper-sandikarsa.e-journal.id/JIKSH/article/view/822 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Pregnancy is one of the expressions of self-embodiment as a future mother and father. Pregnant women experience anxiety about various problems from one trimester to the next. Anxiety changes as the pregnancy get older.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To know the difference in anxiety between primigravida and multigravida pregnant women in iii trimester pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> This study used a cross-sectional approach using a consecutive sampling technique. Data was collected by filling out the respondent's characteristic questionnaire and the HRS-A questionnaire.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Chi-square test age 0.426; education 0.567; jobs 0.224; and income 0.132; while the multigravida group consisted of ages 0.620; education 0.582; jobs 0.594; and income 0.05.</p> <p><strong> Conclusion:</strong> That age, education, occupation, and income do not affect the difference in the anxiety level of pregnant women; there is a significant difference in the anxiety level of primigravida pregnant women and multigravida III trimesters.</p> Dian Pratiwi Halman Syaniah Umar Theresia Limbong ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 11 2 513 521 10.35816/jiskh.v11i2.822