Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Dr. Ns. Suprapto, S.Kep., M.Kes Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> is a journal managed by the Sandi Karsa Nursing Academy . Publishing Research articles and Literature Reviews in the field of Health&nbsp;<strong><a href=";1531653511&amp;1&amp;&amp;">e-ISSN:&nbsp;2654-4563</a>&nbsp;dan&nbsp;</strong><a href=";1383829199&amp;1&amp;&amp;"><strong>p-ISSN: 2354-6093</strong></a>.&nbsp;<strong>Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Sandi Husada</strong> Published twice a year in June and December. Articles that have been published can be downloaded for free, read, and disseminated as a reference for further articles. Paper is submitted online by registering first on this website or it can be sent via Download the<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> template here</a> and the <a href="">writing guide</a> here and submit the article along with the <a href="">publication statement</a> email&nbsp;<a href=""></a>&nbsp;</p> Latest Updates and Guides on Myopia Management 2022-05-18T16:36:12+00:00 Nikita Pramesti <p><em><strong>Introduction;</strong> Myopia, global health, and quality of life problem concerns visual disturbances and the impact of refractive errors on daily life and the morbidity associated with this ametropia. Myopia is a risk factor for vision problems to permanent blindness. Adolescent myopia usually begins in school, and affected individuals typically face a lifelong burden of optical and financial correction for their myopic condition. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Purpose:</strong> This literature review aims to provide current information and guidance on myopia management.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methods:</strong> This research is a literature review study, and the literature used consists of 33 libraries consisting of 3 national journals and 30 international journals.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> Several studies show myopia can be managed and controlled with more time outdoors. Outdoor activities and atropine eye drops can prevent and control myopia. It is useful for reducing or slowing the progression of myopia including daily low-dose atropine eye drops, in concentrations ranging between 0.01% and 0.05%.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Myopia is a refractive error in which light rays entering the eye parallel to the optical axis are refracted into the retina when the ocular accommodation is relaxed.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Characteristics of COVID-19 in Children 2022-05-19T06:17:01+00:00 Alfi Hakim <p><em><strong>Introduction;</strong> COVID-19 is a new problem in the world of Health in all countries that have not been completely resolved until now. COVID-19 can infect anyone, including children. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective;</strong> Assessing the incidence, transmission, symptoms, treatment, examination, classification, and management of COVID-19 in children. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method;</strong> Discuss the publication of 26 research articles on COVID-19 in children from various sources such as NCBI and Scholar from 2020-to 2022 and present them in relevant articles. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results;</strong> The incidence of COVID-19 in children is lower; clinical manifestations tend to be mild and asymptomatic than in adults. Transmission to children is mainly from the family. The classification of COVID-19 in children tends to be the same as in adults. Until now, no treatment for COVID-19 has been found, and only supportive therapy has been</em>&nbsp;<em>given. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion;</strong> The incidence and clinical symptoms are milder than in adults, and children have a good prognosis.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Remembrance Therapy Against Decreased Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients 2022-05-20T07:15:54+00:00 Ricky Zainuddin Ekayanti Hafidah Ahmad Syahruni Syahruni Yantimala Mahmud Nurbaiti Nurbaiti <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Zikir therapy is one way to approach God that aims to find peace of mind and peace of mind.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> By doing zikir will suppress the work of the sympathetic nervous system and activate the work of the parasympathetic nervous system so that it will make someone feel calm.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp; This research explores evidence published in Google Scholar electronic data. Using a search strategy, we obtained 34 potential and relevant articles, from 34 articles of two studies included in the final analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> We were able to see a significant effect in reducing blood pressure after patients were given zikir therapy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> From these results it can be concluded that zikir therapy is a non-pharmacological therapy that can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive sufferers. Health workers can participate in providing this therapy.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Eating Disorders in Teens Affected By Social Media Through Negative Body Image 2022-04-08T15:46:25+00:00 Tezsa Leonyka Esther Tunga <p><em><strong>Introduction;</strong> Adolescence is one phase in life that undergoes a transitional period accompanied by changes in physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional aspects. Eating disorders are one of the phenomena in the focus of public health that are rife in adolescence.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aim;</strong> to determine the effect of social media on eating disorders through body image. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method;</strong> The literature review method with the PRISMA approach using 11 relevant articles.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> The study results found the main findings that social media could affect eating disorders through negative body image in adolescents, both boys, and girls. The negative body image possessed by teenagers can occur due to the use of social media that is not adequately limited, both in terms of intensity and content accessed by displaying a body shape that is considered ideal and attached to the impression of being thin and shaped.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusions;</strong> The influence is given by social media through negative body image on eating disorders can be recommended for intervention in the form of increasing literacy in the use of social media so that it does not harm the mindset and attitudes of adolescents.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Factors Related to Acceptance of Learning From Home During the Covid-19 Pandemic For Students 2022-04-08T15:48:21+00:00 Yuanita Ani Susilowati Yovita Tri Katarina Elizabeth Ari Setyarini <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Suppressing the fall of sacrifice due to covid-19, the Government has established a policy of learning system from face-to-face in class to online. Aim: Know the factors associated with student admission to online learning during the covid-19 pandemic. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> The design of the study uses descriptive quanta with a cross-sectional approach, respondents are students of all levels who are willing to fill out questionnaires for as many as 190 people, data analysis uses frequency distribution and linear regression through modeling.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> Showing a relationship between the perception of usefulness and acceptance there is a relationship between the perception of ease and the acceptance of students feeling happy using online learning methods, in behavioral intentions items obtained, which means students want to use the learning process online.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion:</strong> Online learning is acceptable and endeared to most students. Recommendations, it is necessary to conduct further studies related to the practice learning process during the pandemic</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Stunting and Body Mass Index of 0-5 Years Old Children 2022-04-08T15:49:55+00:00 Elpira Asmin Sri Wahyuni Djoko Josepina Mainase <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Indonesia is one of the countries in Asia with the percentage of short toddlers besides Myanmar and Vietnam.</em> <em>Although Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore have stunting cases, the stunting prevalence is less than 20 percent.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the prevalence of stunting and malnutrition in the work area of the Rumah Tiga Health Center.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methods:</strong> This study used a cross-sectional design with a total sample of 954 children under five.</em> <em>Result: the prevalence of stunting in children under five is 17.9 percent.</em>&nbsp;The&nbsp;<em>Body Mass Index of toddlers with a below-normal category is 4.82 percent.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Toddlers who experience stunting occur at the age of 1-3 years and are dominated by males.</em> <em>Toddlers who have a body mass index below normal are also at the age of 1-3 years and are male.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Potential of Bacteriocin in Lactic Acid Bacteria against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli 2022-04-08T15:50:44+00:00 Sri Mastuti <p><em><strong>Introduction:&nbsp;</strong>Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia are bacteria that usually become infested in humans. Both of these bacteria can cause diseases in the form of impetigo, food poisoning, cellulitis, and so on.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Purpose:&nbsp;</strong>Know the potential of bacteriocins in lactic acid bacteria against staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> Narrative systemic review using several references from various national and international journals. <strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;This shows that the ability of bacteriocins in inhibiting pathogenic bacteria is expected to be an alternative to antibiotics, and can also be used as a treatment. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:&nbsp;</strong>That bacteriocins have a mechanism of action against the involvement of pathogenic bacteria by inhibiting cell wall synthesis, protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, and major metabolic pathways. This compound is able to show the inhibitory zone in S. aureus and E bacteria.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effectiveness of Moringa Leaf Flour and Bee Bread Supplementation Against Hemoglobin Levels, Anemia of Adolescent Female Hematocrit 2022-04-08T15:51:32+00:00 Sri Hardiyanti <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> anemia is still a health problem moringa plant in Latin known as Moringa Oleifera Lam is one type of plant that contains high iron.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the effectiveness of supplementation of Moringa leaf flour capsules and bee bread on hemoglobin and hematocrit levels of anemic adolescent girls.</p> <p><strong> Method:</strong> Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT). The subjects of the study were anemic adolescent girls, 13 people in the intervention group (giving supplements of Moringa leaf flour capsules and bee bread), and 11 control groups (giving supplements of Moringa leaf flour capsules and placebo) according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Characteristic data was measured using a temporary questionnaire to assess changes in hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, pre-and post-supplementation blood samples were tested. Data analysis using Chi-Square, Dependent, and Independent t-test.</p> <p><strong> Results:</strong> The increase in hemoglobin levels was greater in the intervention group (mean difference 1.72) compared to the control group (mean difference 1.15). Meanwhile, the hematocrit level experienced a greater decrease in the control group (mean difference 3.27) than the intervention group (mean difference 2.78).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> there is no significant difference in the comparison of hemoglobin and hematocrit values ​​between the intervention and control groups after supplementation (posttest)</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Sleep Quality students 2022-04-08T15:52:16+00:00 Indrawan Manitu Noldin Sirumpa <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Sleep is one of the physiological needs of humans that function for the recovery process of the body. College students are one of the populations with a high prevalence of sleep problems.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aims:</strong> knowing the influence of progressive muscle relaxation techniques on students' sleep quality. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> This research is a type of quasi-experiment with pretest and posttest with a control group design. The sampling technique is stratified proportional random sampling involving 64 respondents divided into 2 groups: the intervention group (conducting progressive muscle relaxation for 4 days) and the control group (performing standard intervention: listening to musical instruments) with 32 respondents each. Sleep quality is measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The significance level in the study was 95% (p&lt;0.05).</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong>&nbsp;Showed significant differences in sleep quality before and after progressive muscle relaxation (p= 0.000). Showed no significant difference between the sleep quality of the intervention group and the control group after the post-test (p= 0.048).</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;That there is an influence of progressive muscle relaxation techniques on the sleep quality of students. Progressive muscle relaxation can activate the parasympathetic nerve to stimulate the hypothalamus to produce serotonin which can cause sleep</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Cough Medicine Advertisement on Electronic Media towards Self-Medication 2022-04-08T15:53:17+00:00 Siti Mujiati Ika Ratna Hidayati Rizka Novia Atmadani <p><em><strong>Introduction</strong>: Information about medicines obtained by the public in self-medication can be obtained through advertising. Drug advertisements must contain information that is objective, complete, and not misleading as stipulated in the Regulation of Kepala Badan POM. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective:</strong> this research is to know the effect of cough medicine advertisements in electronic media on self-medication selection in the community. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> This study used a cross-sectional method and was conducted in society using an accidental sampling technique. The instrument used in this research is a questionnaire and the analysis technique in this study is using t-test and simple linear regression test. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Result:</strong> &nbsp;Cough medicine advertisements in electronic media have an influence of 30.5% on the selection of self-medication drugs in Dusun Sambi Desa Sambi Kecamatan Ringinrejo Kabupaten Kediri, while 69.5% is influenced by other factors with the linear equation Y= 2.027 + 0.357x. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is an effect of cough medicine advertisements advertised in electronic media on the selection of self-medication</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Green Bean Extract on Smooth Breast Milk Production in Postpartum Mothers 2022-04-08T15:56:12+00:00 Irmawati S Rosdiana Rosdiana <p><strong><em>Introduction</em></strong><em>; Breast milk is the main source of nutrition for babies. The flow of mother's milk production can be seen from two indicators, namely mother and baby. So that the flow of mother's milk production can consume nuts, one of which is green beans.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Purpose</em></strong><em>; determine the effect of intake of mung bean juice on the flow of milk production in postpartum mothers.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Method</em></strong><em>; The research used is Quasi-Experimental Design with Nonequivalent Control Group Design. The number of samples in this study was 30 respondents using purposive sampling. The data collection technique was carried out by giving green beans to the respondents and then observing the flow of milk production in 1 week of intake. Data analysis using Chi-Square Test.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results</em></strong><em>; showed that giving mung bean juice 15 (50%), did not give mung bean juice 15 (50%) and showed smooth milk production (60%) while cow's milk production was not smooth (40%). The results of the analysis with a value of p = 0.009.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong><em>; that there is an effect of intake of mung bean juice on the flow of milk production in postpartum mothers. Therefore, it is recommended to postpartum mothers consume green beans, especially mung bean juice, because the more often postpartum mothers consume mung bean juice, the faster the production.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effectiveness of Audio Visual Therapy (Cartoon Film) Against Anxiety in Preschool Age Children 2022-04-08T15:59:05+00:00 Sri Ekasaputri A. Arniyanti <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Anxiety is a subjective experience of feeling uncomfortable that arises from unspecified causes. Pharmacological therapy to reduce anxiety is the administration of anti-anxiety drugs (alprazolam triazole benzodiazepine) 0.5 mg 3 times a day. One of the distraction techniques that can be used to reduce anxiety in children undergoing surgery is the use of audio-visual therapy (cartoon films).</p> <p><strong>Objective</strong>: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of audio-visual therapy (cartoon films) on anxiety in preschoolers.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> This study explores quantitative evidence published in electronic databases such as Pubmed, and google scholar. By using a journal search strategy, the final results are 3 articles which are the main references in the preparation of this research.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: From the three articles reviewed, it can be seen a significant effect in reducing anxiety levels in preschool children after audio-visual therapy intervention.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That audio-visual therapy (cartoon films) is effective in reducing anxiety levels in children aged 3-6 years</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effectiveness of Acupressure Therapy on Reducing Dysmenorrhea in Midwifery DIII Students 2022-04-08T16:01:40+00:00 Uliarta Marbun Lili Purnama sari <p><strong>Introduction;</strong> Problems experienced by adolescents related to menstruation, dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological complaint among adolescent and young adult women.</p> <p><strong>Purpose;</strong> knowing the effectiveness of acupressure therapy against dysmenorrhea in DIII Midwifery students.</p> <p><strong> Method;</strong> The research used was a pre-experimental design and a pretest-posttest design. The population is all students of the DIII Midwifery Study Program. The sample with purposive sampling technique used statistical tests through the Kolmogorov Smirnov t-test.</p> <p><strong> Results;</strong> showed that acupressure therapy can reduce pain during menstruation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion;</strong> The effectiveness of giving acupressure therapy is a reduction in dysmenorrhea, a reduction in dysmenorrhea can be seen in 1 to 2 days after regular acupressure therapy is carried out.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nurse Behavior in Palliative Care in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era 2022-04-08T16:03:43+00:00 Suprapto Suprapto <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> patients with palliative care usually experience distress and emotionality, so efforts are needed to improve the quality of palliative care that can be realized with knowledge, attitudes, and skills.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Purpose;</strong> knowing the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and practice of nurses in palliative care in hospitals. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method</strong>; The research used is a cross-sectional study. The sample uses the total sampling technique. The instrument used was a questionnaire sheet in the form of google from and analyzed by the Spearmen Rank test. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results;</strong> based on the descriptive analysis show that there are no differences in knowledge, attitudes, and practices between respondents in hospitals.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion;</strong> that there is no significant difference between the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of nurses in providing palliative care to patients in hospitals. Recommendations are expected to always hold or involve nurses in training, seminars, discussions, or workshops on palliative care regularly to improve the knowledge and skills of nurses to improve the quality of nursing services, especially palliative care</em>.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Yoga Pregnant Gymnastics on Plasma Endorphin Levels and Anxiety Levels in Women Primigravida Trimester III 2022-04-12T06:21:00+00:00 Lilis Candra Yanti <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Women in pregnancy experience many changes, both physical and psychological so that it will make anxiety levels increase and happiness hormones decrease, especially in primigravid mothers before delivery.</p> <p><strong>Aim</strong>: Measure endorphin levels and anxiety levels of the third trimester of the primigravida mother.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: Metode uses a <em>quasi-experiment design</em> with <em>pretest-posttest control group design</em>. The sample was 13-trimester primigravida pregnant women in the intervention group and 13 people in the control group according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Measurement of anxiety levels using questionnaires with the HAR-S method while measurement of plasma Endorphin levels was done by testing <em>pre and post-blood</em> samples. Data analysis uses the <em>T-test</em> and <em>the Mann-Whitney test.</em></p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The results showed that there was an influence of yoga on endorphin levels and there was an influence of yoga on anxiety levels. Thus, there is an effect of yoga on endorphin levels and anxiety levels in pregnant women primigravida trimester III.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Pregnant gymnastics yoga increases endorphin levels and lowers anxiety levels in the third-trimester primigravida mother</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique On Improving Quality Of Life In Post Stroke Patients 2022-04-23T15:32:10+00:00 Abdul Herman Syah Thalib Fitri J Saleh <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The prevalence of stroke each year is increasing. &nbsp;Strokes that are not treated properly will cause a decrease in the patient’s quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> provide an overview of evidence from previous studies on quality of life in post-stroke patients before and after spiritual <em>emotional freedom technique intervention.</em></p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Conduct <em>a literature review</em> by searching through electronic databases namely <em>Garuda, Pubmed, and Google Scholar, and </em>obtained 3 relevant research articles from 2011-2021 based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> After being given <em>the ACT of SEFT </em>found an improvement in quality of life in post-stroke patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Terapi SEFT (Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique) is effective in improving the quality of life in post-stroke patients.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Menstrual Hygiene Health Promotion on The Knowledge And Attitudes of Early Menstrual Adolescents 2022-04-12T06:25:08+00:00 Meriem Meisyaroh Syamson Murtini Murtini Rostini M <p><em><strong>Introduction&nbsp;</strong>personal hygiene behavior during menstruation is a very important thing to do in ensuring the health of the organs of adolescent girls both physically and mentally.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Aim</strong>&nbsp;to know the effect of menstrual hygiene health promotion on the knowledge and attitude of early menstrual adolescents.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Method</strong> Quantitative research uses Pre-Experiments with the design of one group Pretest-posttest design, with purposive sampling with the Wilcoxon Test.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results</strong>&nbsp;the findings of the study showed the knowledge and attitudes of adolescent girls after being given health promotion increased and had a good impact on adolescents about menstrual hygiene.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusions</strong>&nbsp;that there is an effect of menstrual hygiene health promotion on the knowledge and attitude of early menstrual adolescents.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Parents in Accompanying Children During the Covid 19 Pandemic 2022-04-12T06:28:23+00:00 Aldi Hamsa A. Arniyanti Erna Kasim Nurbaiti Nurbaiti <p><em><strong>Introduction c</strong>ovid-19 is an infectious disease or virus that has never been known before. What role should parents play for their children during the Covid-19 pandemic?</em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective&nbsp;</strong>explores how parents perceive their role during the covid-19 pandemic and accompany their children at home.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Method </strong>this study explored quantitative evidence on the electronic databases of Pubmed, Garuda, and Google Scholar which resulted in 4 articles that became the main reference in the writing of this article.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results</strong> show that there are several roles parents have on their children such as guiding and motivating their children in doing their duties and always making sure their children always live clean and healthy and accompanying their children in using social media.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion&nbsp;</strong>that the role of parents is very important and effective in the survival of children's learning to run like school in the covid-19 pandemic</em>.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Medical Acupuncture for Weight Loss Program 2022-04-12T06:31:54+00:00 Indah Dian Shafira <p><em><strong>Introduction&nbsp;</strong>Obesity is an abnormal condition in which fat tissue accumulates that can lead to health problems.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Method&nbsp;</strong>a literature review study, in which researchers search, combine sari cores and analyze facts from several scientific sources that are accurate and valid.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results</strong> showed that acupuncture can lose weight by mechanisms of regulates the endocrine system, improve the digestive system, lowers oxidative stress, suppresses appetite, and increase lipolytic activity.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion&nbsp;</strong></em><em>acupuncture </em>is<em> used as one of the effective alternative methods for weight loss.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact the Pandemic Coronavirus Disease on Public Health 2022-05-12T13:25:29+00:00 Lilis Raodatul Jannah Basmalah Harun <p><em><strong>Background&nbsp;</strong>the increase in the number of Covid-19 cases occurred quickly and spread in various countries in a short time. The impact of coronavirus disease pandemic on people's mental health is in the form of stress, anxiety, depression, and trauma.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aim</strong> to know the impact of coronavirus disease pandemic on people's mental health.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Method&nbsp;</strong>quantitative Descriptive with a Literature Review Approach. Data sources are obtained from search results and article selection using PubMed databases and google scholar. Four articles were identified as meeting the criteria: 1) a sample of people experiencing mental health disorders due to covid-19; 2) issued in 2019-2021; 3) speak English and Indonesian; 4) have full text; 5) Analysis using data maps extracted in grid synthesis tables including authors, year of publication, Country, purpose, sample size, research design, results, and conclusions.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results&nbsp;</strong>showed that the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on mental problems is that people experience psychological disorders in the form of anxiety, stress, depression, and trauma.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion&nbsp;</strong>coronavirus disease has a great impact on people's mental health</em>.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) on Patients with Violent Behavior 2022-04-26T07:13:48+00:00 Sri Dewi Musa Basmalah Harun <p><em><strong>Introduction </strong>violent behavior is a situation where a person can harm himself and others both physically and psychologically. To reduce violent behavior, it is necessary to do prevention that applies Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) therapy. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a psychotherapeutic therapy intervention that can assist patients in controlling emotions, accepting the present state, and changing negative behaviors that previous patients have in the direction of more positive behaviors.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Purpose&nbsp;</strong>Learn how dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) affects patients with violent behavior.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methods</strong> using this literature study are by searching through electronic databases, Garuda, and Google Scholar. The inclusion criteria used are articles in 2011-2021 and resulted in 3 significant research articles.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results</strong> show dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is very effectively used as an intervention to help patients with violent behavior.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion&nbsp;</strong>the effects of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) are effective in patients in controlling their negative emotions.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Perineal Massage in Lowering Perineal Laceration Rate In Postpartum Women Primipara 2022-04-26T15:24:13+00:00 Elvira Trista Subroto Fitriani Sangkala <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Perineal laceration is a rupture in the birth canal or tearing of tissue in the perineal area that is in the area between the vaginal and muscles, which occurs due to labor too quickly and the baby's head is born large. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aims:&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;To identify a decrease in the rate of perineal lacerations in postpartum primipara mothers.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Method:</strong> The design of this research methodology approach is a literature review to determine various quantitative and qualitative evidence using electronic databases, namely: Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Garuda, then restrictions based on criteria include producing 876 respondents. The analysis uses an extracted data map on the article's search results table including author, year of publication, country, destination, sample, research design, type of research, length of intervention, results, and research conclusions.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> Showed that this action effectively lowers the degree of laceration and maintains the laceration's wholeness with the appropriate implementation of the recommended time.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion:</strong> This therapy is safe and very retired to be included in the list of classes of pregnant women and is recommended to do health education for mothers to increase knowledge on how to prevent perineal lacerations</em>.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Provision of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy in Controlling Aggressive Behavior in Patients of Violent Behavior 2022-04-26T16:10:15+00:00 Rilarahmawati Thalib Rusli Abdullah <p><strong><em>Introduction: </em></strong><em>Violent behavior is one of the symptoms of mental disorders that can trigger physical harm to patients and others. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aims:</strong>&nbsp;To determine the provision of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) in controlling aggressive behavior in patients with violent behavior.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Methods: </strong>This review uses a literature review approach. Sources of data obtained through article search results using four databases, namely Pubmed, Proquest, Garuda, and Google Scholar identified 26,083 articles. The analysis uses a map of the extracted data in a grid synthesis table including author, year, country, purpose, sample, design, duration, results, and conclusions of the study. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results: </strong>Four articles identified in this review showed that before REBT therapy was given, most of the patients were unable to control aggressive behavior as indicated by a high mean risk score for aggressive behavior, both cognitive, affective, social, and physiological, but after REBT therapy most of the patients were able to control aggressive behavior. characterized by a significant change in the symptoms of the risk of violent behavior experienced by the patient. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the results of a review of four articles, it was concluded that the administration of REBT could significantly improve the patient's ability to control violent behavior in aggressive behavior characterized by changes in the patient's cognitive, affective, social, and physiological responses</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Correlation between Lifestyle and Stress Among Hypercholesterolemic Patients 2022-04-27T16:14:08+00:00 Ferdy Lainsamputty Nova Gerungan <p><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Dyslipidemia causes high mortality worldwide, about 4 million per year. The lifestyle of patients with high cholesterol levels tends to be poor which has the potential to trigger cardiovascular disease. Chronic stress in this population is also suspected to be associated with a poor lifestyle.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Aim:</strong> To investigate the relationship between lifestyle and stress in patients with hypercholesterolemia.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Methods:</strong> A descriptive correlational and cross-sectional design were applied with 53 respondents. The questionnaires used were Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP II) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS).</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Results: </strong>There was no significant association between lifestyle and overall stress. The stress management domain had a significant correlation with stress.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Hypercholesterolemic patients who had good control of psychological conditions, also experienced lower stress levels.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Cupping Therapy as an Intervention for Acute Pain Nursing Problems in Families with Elderly Developmental Stages 2022-04-27T16:47:24+00:00 Arita Murwani Siti Nur Hidayah Viantika Kusumasari Anna Nur Hikmawati <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> One of the problems that often occurs in families with the developmental stage of the elderly is degenerative diseases such as hypertension. Headache and heaviness in the neck are one of the symptoms of hypertension that make it uncomfortable and one of the non-pharmacological therapies to reduce pain is cupping.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Aims:</strong> To analyze cupping therapy as an intervention for acute pain nursing problems in families with the developmental stage of the elderly. The research method used is a descriptive method with a case study approach.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> This study indicates that the problem of acute pain is well resolved where there is a decrease in pain levels after cupping therapy is given. Before being given cupping therapy the pain scale was 4 (moderate) and after cupping therapy the pain scale was 1 (mild). </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;This study is that cupping therapy can reduce the scale of acute pain in the elderly through activated skin receptors, causing an increase in blood circulation and blood supply to the skin and internal organs through nerve connections.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Demographic, Comorbid Status Relationship With KIPI Post COVID-19 Vaccine in Health Workers 2022-04-28T06:11:10+00:00 Vera Yulyani Neno Fitriyani Hasbie Achmad Farich Amelia Valentine <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Health workers are potentially infected due to their exposure to COVID-19 patients during work shifts, All clinical symptoms that occur due to needle prick trauma both directly and indirectly should be recorded as a KIPI reaction. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Goal</strong>: Knowing the symptoms of kipi along with related factors experienced by health workers as the forefront in fighting the current coronavirus pandemic. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method</strong>: Observational analytics using a cross sectional method approach using a total sampling technique of 155 samples overall. Data retrieval begins in November 2021. This research was conducted at Pertamina Bintang Amin Bandar Lampung Hospital. Chi-square test statistical data using SPSS 25.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Result</strong>: There is no relationship between demographic status and comorbid diseases with KIPI because of the results of p-value data &lt;0.05.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Conclusion</strong>: That there is no relationship between demographic status, comorbid status and KIPI in Health Workers.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Differences in the Number of Leukocytes in Patients with Acute Appendicitis and Perforation 2022-04-28T16:02:55+00:00 Akhmad Kheru Ni Putu Sudiadnyani Puji Lestari <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Appendicitis is defined as inflammation of the vermiform appendix (worm bag) which is the most common emergency surgery in children and young adults with abdominal pain. Appendicitis is thought to be caused by obstruction of the appendix lumen by faecalith, fecal stasis, lymphoid hyperplasia or caecal neoplasm, and various infections by pathogens.&nbsp; Appendicitis occurs more in men than in women with a ratio of 1:4 events and strikes at an average age of 10 to 30 years. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aims:</strong> Knowing the comparison of the number of leukocytes in patients with acute appendicitis and appendicitis with perforation.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Method:</strong> This type of research is quantitative with observational analytical research design with a cross-sectional approach. Data retrieval uses secondary data by looking at the number of leukocytes in the respondent's medical record. Bivariate analysis with the Non-parametric Man-Whitney test. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> It is known from the analysis of data on the number of acute appendicitis leukocytes as many as 50 people and Perforation Appendicitis as many as 42 people. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a significant difference in the number of leukocytes of the Acute Appendicitis group with Perforated Appendicitis.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Recurrent Urethral Stricture with Catheter Usage 2022-04-28T16:30:31+00:00 Avicena Muhammad Archie <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> The urethral steak is a narrowing of the urethra due to scar tissue, leading to void obstruction dysfunction that has potentially serious consequences on the entire urinary tract. Urethral strictures can be caused by diagnostic and therapeutic urological procedures. This procedure is often used, in an aging population; therefore, urethral strictures may be able to occur more often.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Purpose:</strong> Describes the relationship of repeated urethral strictures with the incidence of catheter use. Method: Using literature review studies. This article was created by summarizing the source of information obtained from 11 Indonesian and international articles and journals and one international website published in the period 2011-2021. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Result:</strong> Urethral stricture is the time when the urethra tightens which results in a decrease or obstruction of urine flow that results in irritation and obstructive voiding symptoms. The use of catheters and other medical instruments for examination of the urinary tract that exceeds the diameter of the urethra can cause ischemia and internal trauma of the urinary tract.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a relationship between recurrent urethral strictures and catheter use</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Awareness Questionnaire Indonesian Version for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients with Hemodialysis: Development and Validity 2022-04-29T14:47:53+00:00 Maria Putri Sari Utami Brigitta Ayu Dwi Susanti <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health burden with high economic costs to the health system and is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). All stages of CKD are associated with an increased risk of morbidity, premature mortality, and/or decreased quality of life. Therefore, there is a need for questionnaires for awareness-related measurements in CKD patients but to date, there is no validated awareness questionnaire for CKD patients.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aim:</strong> Develop an awareness questionnaire for the Indonesian version of CKD patients.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Method:</strong> Descriptive research by conducting validity and reliability tests. Research is quantitative, where the inter-pretenseence of research results is based on static-tic processed results using computer applications. This research was conducted in the hemodialysis unit of Nitipuran Clinic, Yogyakarta. The data collection process in this study was carried out in December-April 2021. The study subjects were 52 hemodialysis patients.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> The validity test of the awareness questionnaire contained 12 valid question items. The internal consistency value of consciousness indicates a cronbach'sα value of 0.865 this indicates that the questionnaire reliability test is classified as excellent reliability. This questionnaire can be used as an assessment instrument to find out the level of awareness of hemodialysis patients as preliminary data in determining the proper implementation.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion:</strong> Awareness Questionnaire Version Indonesian can be used to determine the level of awareness of CKD patients with hemodialysis</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Self Efficacy Relationship With Self-Management In Post Stroke Patients 2022-04-29T15:33:48+00:00 Fransiska Anita Ekawati Rahayu Sa’pang Elmiana Bongga Linggi Trysna Levia Kulla Zyatna Patattan <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Stroke is a circulatory disorder in the brain that occurs suddenly, which is characterized by loss of function from certain parts of the body so that it is disabled. Strokes that enter the rehabilitation phase to reduce disability cause body functions to increase so that they can carry out daily activities that are part of self-management. So that it will be able to self-efficacy well so that self-management in the rehabilitation phase can run.</em></p> <p><em> <strong>Aims:</strong> To know the relationship between self-efficacy and self-management in post-stroke patients.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> This type of research is observational analytic with a cross-sectional study research design. Sampling using non-probability sampling techniques through accidental sampling amounted to 41 respondents. The instrument used is a questionnaire.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> Statistical trials showed that there was an association between self-efficacy with self-management in post-stroke patients. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That has implications for nurses the importance of increasing self-efficacy in stroke patients so that patients are motivated to heal and improve their quality of life and have an impact on good self-management</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationship of Depression Levels With COVID-19 Symptoms Post Self-Isolation 2022-04-30T07:20:15+00:00 Aswan Jhonet Rolin Soraya Tusy Triwahyuni Devita Febriani Putri <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> COVID-19 is a new disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 which was discovered in Wuhan, China in 2019 and then became a global pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic contributed to an increase in anxiety, depression, and other stress symptoms, one of which is due to the severity of the symptoms caused during self-isolation. Depression can affect anyone regardless of education, ethnicity, age, income, or marital status, which impacts worsening the course of the disease.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aims:</strong> Find out the relationship of depression levels with post-self-isolation COVID-19 symptoms.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Method:</strong> This type of research is quantitative with an analytical survey research design. Data collection uses interviews and BDI-II questionnaires. The bivariate analysis uses the Spearman correlation test. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Result:</strong> A correlation value of 0.819, indicating a relationship between depression levels and symptoms in post-self-isolation COVID-19 patients.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Conclusion:</strong> The relationship is meaningful between depression levels and post-self-isolation COVID-19 symptoms.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationship between Knowledge and Mother's Attitude About Exclusive Breastfeeding 2022-04-30T14:32:14+00:00 Riska Sabriana Rika Riyandani Ria Wahyuni Asridawati Akib <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Breast milk as the best food for the physical, mental and intellectual development of infants has been widely known. The benefits of breast milk will be greatly increased if the baby is only breastfed for the first 6 months of life. Every mother can breastfeed her baby exclusively. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aim:</strong> Knowing the relationship between the mother's knowledge and attitude with the provision of Exclusive Breast Milk. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> This type of research is analytical survey research with a cross-sectional study approach.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> Showed that mothers who did not exclusively breastfeed their babies as many as 5 people or 15.6% and mothers who gave exclusive breast milk to as many as 27 people or 84.4%. The results of the analysis found that there is a meaningful relationship between the mother's knowledge and attitude toward exclusive breastfeeding. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a meaningful relationship between the mother's knowledge and attitude toward exclusive breastfeeding. Variations in maternal attitudes and knowledge provide different contributions to exclusive breastfeeding to babies. It is necessary to make efforts to improve maternal knowledge and attitudes through health counseling regarding the importance of exclusive breastfeeding</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Placenta Previa: Mechanisms and Risk Factors 2022-04-30T15:02:59+00:00 Brian Rocky Ramadhan <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Placenta previa is a disorder that occurs during pregnancy that is characterized by the presence of placental tissue near or covering the cervix.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Aim:</strong> Examine risk factors and their mechanisms in the formation of placenta previa.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Method:</strong> This study is a literature review study, that researchers are looking for. Scientific sources were obtained from Google Scholar and Pubmed in the form of textbooks and scientific journals totaling 27 pieces.</em></p> <p><em><strong> Results:</strong> Placenta previa risk factors, and showed association with advanced maternal age, parity, maternal smoking, infertility treatment, previous cesarean delivery, previous placenta previa, and recurrent abortion. Among these risk factors, some have increased over the past decade including cesarean section rates, advanced maternal age, and the number of women undergoing infertility treatment. Placenta previa is one of the obstetric emergencies and is a contributor to maternal mortality. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> That multiparity, a history of previous cesarean sections, and inadequate antenatal care are major risk factors. These risk factors may be useful for screening at-risk mothers. Adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with placenta previa can be reduced by detecting the condition in the antenatal period with ultrasound before it becomes symptomatic.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nursing Care for Gastritis Patients at Wonolangan Hospital Probolinggo: Case Study 2022-05-01T06:11:26+00:00 Tri Cahyo Sepdianto Andi Hayyun Abiddin Titik Kurnia <p><em><strong>Background:</strong> Gastritis is a state of inflammation of the gastric mucosa that can be acute and chronic due to the inattention of sufferers to health, one of which is the application of an unhealthy lifestyle. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aim:</strong> Identify an overview of nursing care case studies in patients with gastritis problems at Wonolangan Probolinggo Hospital. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Method:</strong> This qualitative research uses a case study design specifically designed to study in detail and depth about a case and include various sources of information. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> Studies that have been done on Mr. A found that nutritional deficits are associated with nausea. After the act of foster care, the nausea experienced by Mr. A was reduced marked by an increase in his appetite of Mr. A.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The problem of nursing deficit nutrition has been resolved. Motivation and health education are needed for people with gastritis, including maintaining oral hygiene, eating with small but frequent portions, and maintaining a good diet</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationship of Body Mass Index and Physical Activity with Student Academic Performance During the Covid-19 Pandemic 2022-05-03T13:46:58+00:00 Hamisah Hamisah Yery Mustari Putri Indah Sari Chaerul <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Academic performance in students is very important to be studied because there are things that trigger the success of academic performance in students. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the problem of decreasing levels of physical activity that triggers weight gain is prone to occur, this can affect student academic performance.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Objective:</strong> Knowing the relationship between body mass index and physical activity with student academic performance during the covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methods:</strong> Body mass index was obtained from measurements using a scale and microsize. Physical activity using a back index questionnaire. Block writing test scores are used as an indicator for assessing academic performance.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> This study showed that there was no relationship between body mass index and academic performance. This study also showed that there was no relationship between physical activity and academic performance. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The distribution of body mass index in students is dominated by students with normal BMI, for physical activity students are dominated by students with moderate physical activity, for the level of academic performance is dominated by students who have low grades. In this study, there was no correlation between body mass index and academic performance in students, while there was also no correlation between physical activity and academic performance in students</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development of Basic Level Tastarok Game Educational Media to Improve Children’s Smoking Prevention Behavior 2022-05-20T07:18:12+00:00 Mujito Mujito Andi Hayyun Abiddin Mohamad Miftachul Ulum <p><em><strong>Background:</strong> The promotion of non-smoking behavior in elementary schools is one form of promotion of healthy behavior. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Aims:</strong> Produce educational media that we're able to stimulate smoking prevention behavior in school-age children.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methods:</strong> Research and Development design was used with ADDIE development procedures. The subjects consisted of 15 groups of trial respondents and 20 groups of research respondents, from school-age children in Sananwetan State Primary School 3, Blitar City. The object under study was the quality and effectiveness of the basic level of Tastarok game education media. Retrieval of data was done by interview techniques, questionnaires, and checklists, to measure aspects of the feasibility of the material, graphic engineering, and media effectiveness.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong> The product validation results were declared very feasible to be used as a health promotion media as evidenced by the results of the paired t-test analysis with p=0.000, which means there is a significant difference between the average beliefs in smoking prevention behavior before and after the intervention.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Educational media for elementary level tastarok games can improve smoking prevention behavior in children, so health promotion workers are expected to be able to use this educational media in health promotion in schools.</em></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##