Risk Factors for Covid-19 in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Apin A. Panua, Ricky Zainuddin, Ekayanti Hafidah Ahmad, Fitriani Sangkala

  • Apin A. Panua STIK Makassar
  • Ricky Zainuddin STIK Makassar
  • Ekayanti Hafidah Ahmad STIK Makassar
  • Fitriani Sangkala STIK Makassar
Keywords: Risk factor, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Covid-19


Introduction: Covid-19 is an infectious disease that first appeared in the city of Wuhan, China, and was caused by SARS-CoV-2. This literature review aims to identify risk factors for the occurrence of Covid-19 in patients with type 2 DM. Methods: Analytical descriptive literature review design. Data obtained through article search results using five electronic databases namely Pubmed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar identified 10,951 articles with a total sample of 5,464,617 respondents. The analysis uses a map of the extracted data in a grid synthesis table including author, year of publication, country, purpose, sample, design, duration, results, and conclusions of the study. Results: The six articles identified in this review showed that one study reported risk of developing COVID-19 in patients with type 2 diabetes 1,369 times, one study 2,180 times, one study 4.7 times, and another study up to 16.5 times. Patients who are male and aged 53 years have a risk of 1.395 times higher than those who are younger and female. Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes have a significantly higher risk of contracting Covid-19 compared to people without diabetes, especially in patients aged 53 years and male.


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Author Biographies

Apin A. Panua, STIK Makassar

Program Studi D-III Keperawatan

Ricky Zainuddin, STIK Makassar

Program Studi D-III Keperawatan

Ekayanti Hafidah Ahmad, STIK Makassar

Program Studi D-III Keperawatan

Fitriani Sangkala, STIK Makassar

Program Studi D-III Keperawatan


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How to Cite
Panua, A., Zainuddin, R., Ahmad, E., & Sangkala, F. (2021). Risk Factors for Covid-19 in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 10(2), 624-634. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v10i2.668

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