Pengaruh Media Sosial Dan Anorexia Pada Wanita

Nurul Aini Hilman

  • Nurul Aini Hilman Universitas Lampung
Keywords: Anorexia, Gangguan Makan, Media Sosial

Abstract

Media sosial sering mengaburkan batas antara virtual dan kenyataan sehingga menciptakan ide-ide bahwa perempuan harus terlihat seperti gambar yang mereka tonton. Wanita terus-menerus diajari bahwa satu-satunya cara untuk sukses dalam hidup mereka adalah dengan terlihat seperti wanita yang mereka lihat di media sosial. Media sosial mungkin memiliki pengaruh kuat pada hubungan seseorang dengan makanan dan takut bertambahnya berat badan. Banyak orang di dunia media sosial memamerkan tubuh bugar mereka, pilihan makanan, dan  rezim olahraga.  Media  sosial mendorong individu untuk terciptanya gangguan makan demi mencapai 'citra tubuh yang sempurna'. Perkiraan saat ini menunjukkan bahwa hingga 1,6 juta wanita di Inggris antara usia 15 dan 30 menderita   anoreksia   nervosa.   Anak   perempuan   di bawah 15 tahun juga dapat terpengaruh dan tampaknya anoreksia nervosa menjadi masalah yang semakin meningkat pada remaja Beberapa wanita di atas 30 tahun. Anorexia Nervosa memiliki beberapa gejala primer seperti mempertahankan berat badan di atas berat badan minimal normal untuk usia dan tinggi badan, Ketakutan yang intens akan kenaikan berat badan atau menjadi gemuk. Meskipun sangat kurus terdapat penolakan bahwa mereka memilki berat badan rendah

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Nurul Aini Hilman, Universitas Lampung

Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran

References

Bell, B. T., & Dittmar, H. (2011). Does Media Type Matter? The Role of Identification in Adolescent Girls’ Media Consumption and the Impact of Different Thin-Ideal Media on Body Image. Sex Roles, 65(7), 478–490. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-011-9964-x

Gaffney, K. J., Del, R., Patrick, R., & Gaffney, A. (2017). Negative affects that Social Media causes on Body Imaging Negative affects that Social Media causes on Body Imaging An Honors College Thesis Digital Design and Technology Department Faculty Advisor Reader Date. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.liu.edu/post_honors_theses/13

Gorman, S. (2015). The effects of media on body image and self esteem.

Helfert, S., & Warschburger, P. (2013). The face of appearance-related social pressure: Gender, age and body mass variations in peer and parental pressure during adolescence. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-7-16

Hudson. (2012). Erratum: The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication (Biological Psychiatry (2007) 61 (348-358)). Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 72, p. 164.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.05.016

Klein, K. M. (2013). Why Don’ t I Look Like Her ? The Impact of Social Media on Female Body Image. ClaremontColleges, 27. Retrieved from http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cmc_theses/720

Kumar, S., & Jan, J. M. (2017). Social media’s impact on teenagers and women. (April).

Latzer, Y., Spivak-Lavi, Z., & Katz, R. (2015). Disordered eating and media exposure among adolescent girls: The role of parental involvement and sense of empowerment. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 20(3), 375–391. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2015.1014925

Micali, N., Hagberg, K. W., Petersen, I., & Treasure, J. L. (2013). The incidence of eating disorders in the UK in 2000 2009: Findings from the General Practice Research Database. BMJ Open, 3(5). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen 2013-002646

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). (2017). Eating disorders: recognition and treatment. NICE Guideline NG69. (May 2017), 1–41. Retrieved from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng69/resources/eating-disorders-recognition-and- treatment-pdf 1837582159813

O’Brien, K. (2015). Scholar Commons The Cultivation of Eating Disorders through Instagram Scholar Commons Citation. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etdhttp://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/6004

Pritchard, M., & Cramblitt, B. (2014). Media Influence on Drive for Thinness and Drive for Muscularity. Sex Roles, 71(5–8), 208–218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-014-0397-1

Qutteina, Y., Nasrallah, C., Kimmel, L., & Khaled, S. (2019). ORIGINAL ARTICLE IN BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY: Relationship between social media use and disordered eating behavior among female university students in Qatar. (January). https://doi.org/10.19204/2019/rltn7

Ridolfi, D. R., Myers, T. A., Crowther, J. H., & Ciesla, J. A. (2011). Do Appearance Focused Cognitive Distortions Moderate the Relationship between Social Comparisons to Peers and Media Images and Body Image Disturbance? Sex Roles, 65(7), 491–505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-011-9961-0

Wood, D., & Knight, C. (2015). Anorexia nervosa in adolescence. Paediatrics and Child Health (United Kingdom), 25(9), 428–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2015.04.005

Wozniak, G., Rekleiti, M., & Roupa, Z. (2012). Contribution of social and family factors in anorexia nervosa. Health Science Journal, Vol. 6, pp. 257–268. Retrieved from www.hsj.gr

Zipfel, S., Giel, K. E., Bulik, C. M., Hay, P., & Schmidt, U. (2015). Anorexia nervosa: Aetiology, assessment, and treatment. The Lancet Psychiatry, Vol. 2, pp. 1099–1111. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00356-9

Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Hilman, N. (2019). Pengaruh Media Sosial Dan Anorexia Pada Wanita. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 10(2), 183-187. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v10i2.143

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.