Effect of perineal massage and gentle techniques on perineal rupture in primigravida maternity mothers

  • Annisa Tania Dewi Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Dedah Jubaedah Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Feby Pebryanti Suhendi Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Intan Friasta Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Yeli Yuliani Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Ageng Septa Rini Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
  • Shinta Mona Lisca Universitas Indonesia Maju
Keywords: gentle technique, massage, perineal rupture


Background: Perineal rupture is a tear that occurs when a baby is born, either spontaneously or by using tools/actions. Preventive efforts can be made to reduce the risk of perineal rupture by massaging the perineum and using good pressure techniques during labor.

Objective: To determine the effect of perineal massage techniques and pressure on perineal rupture in primigravida mothers who give birth.

Method: This research uses experimental research methods; this type of research is quantitative with a pretest-posttest research design with a control group and an analytical study design with a retrospective approach. The total research sample required was 30 primigravidas, with details, namely 15 people from the perineal massage group and 15 from the gentle technique. Sampling was taken using an accidental sampling technique, where subjects were selected as research samples based on cases/respondents who happened to be available in a place according to the context.

Results: research results of primigravid mothers who experienced perineal rupture in the perineal massage group were two people (20%), and in the menstrual technique group, there were eight people (80%), based on the results of data analysis using the Wilcoxon test, the p-value was obtained. In the perineal massage group, it was 0.000; in the gentle technique group, it was 0.005.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that perineal massage is more effective than gentle techniques in preventing perineal rupture in primigravida mothers. To ensure the effectiveness of the chosen method, it is advisable to consult with medical personnel experienced in this field and follow the recommendations and protocols approved by the relevant health authorities. In addition, careful monitoring and care during labor is also essential to minimize the risk of perineal rupture.


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Author Biographies

Annisa Tania Dewi, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Dedah Jubaedah, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Feby Pebryanti Suhendi, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Intan Friasta, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Yeli Yuliani, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Ageng Septa Rini, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program

Shinta Mona Lisca, Universitas Indonesia Maju

Midwifery Study Program Applied Undergraduate Program


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How to Cite
Dewi, A., Jubaedah, D., Suhendi, F., Friasta, I., Yuliani, Y., Rini, A., & Lisca, S. (2024). Effect of perineal massage and gentle techniques on perineal rupture in primigravida maternity mothers. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 13(1), 84-91. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v13i1.1175

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