Socioeconomic Factors with Nutritional Status of Toddlers

  • Risna Ayu Rahmadani Universitas Muhammadiyah Manado, Indonesia
  • Ria Wahyuni Politeknik Sandi Karsa, Indonesia
  • Darmi Arda Politeknik Sandi Karsa, Indonesia
  • A. Suyatni Musrah Universitas Widya Gama Mahakam Samarinda, Indonesia
  • Riska Sabriana Universitas Mega Buana Palopo, Indonesia
Keywords: malnutrition, nutritional status, socioeconomic factors


The nutritional status of toddlers is an important indicator of children's health and well-being. Good nutrition at an early age has a long-lasting impact on physical growth, cognitive development, and health throughout life. The nutritional status of toddlers reflects whether children are getting enough nutrients to grow and develop properly or are malnourished, which can result in various health problems. This study aims to determine socioeconomic factors with the nutritional status of toddlers—quantitative research design analytical survey with a cross-sectional study approach, with a Purposive Sample technique. Based on the Chi-Square test shows that the variable income has a p-value of 0.003, Maternal Knowledge p-value of 0.005, Maternal Education p-value of 0.690, and Maternal occupation p-value of 0.510. It can be concluded that there is a relationship between family income and maternal knowledge with the nutritional status of toddlers. There is no relationship between maternal education and work with a healthy group of toddlers. To improve the nutritional quality of toddlers, a comprehensive approach that considers various socioeconomic factors, education, and family welfare is needed. These programs should be designed and implemented based on research findings and the needs of the targeted communities.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Risna Ayu Rahmadani, Universitas Muhammadiyah Manado, Indonesia

Jurusan Keperawatan

Ria Wahyuni, Politeknik Sandi Karsa, Indonesia

Program Stusi Kebidanan

Darmi Arda, Politeknik Sandi Karsa, Indonesia

Program Studi Keperawatan

A. Suyatni Musrah, Universitas Widya Gama Mahakam Samarinda, Indonesia

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Riska Sabriana, Universitas Mega Buana Palopo, Indonesia

Prodi Sarjana Kebidanan


R. Rilyani, “Exclusive Breastfeeding with the Incidence of Stunting in Toddlers,” J. Ilm. Kesehat. Sandi Husada, pp. 1–6, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.35816/jiskh.v10i1.489.

Y. Kristina, D. M. Yuli, N. N. Lala, Y. Damanik, and S. Serli, “Mother’s Knowledge About Exclusive Breastfeeding in Toddlers,” J. Edukasi Ilm. Kesehat., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 6–11, Apr. 2023, doi: 10.61099/junedik.v1i1.5.

D. Arda, N. N. L. N. Lalla, and S. Suprapto, “Analysis of the Effect of Malnutrition Status on Toddlers,” J. Ilm. Kesehat. Sandi Husada, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 111–116, Jun. 2023, doi: 10.35816/jiskh.v12i1.910.

A. S. Asmi, “Urgensi MP-ASI Pada Ibu Balita Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Status Gizi Balita,” Abdimas Polsaka, pp. 61–66, Aug. 2022, doi: 10.35816/abdimaspolsaka.v1i2.19.

S. Suprapto, “Pengaruh Edukasi Media Kartun Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Ibu dan Status Gizi Anak,” J. Heal., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 81–87, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.30590/joh.v9n2.500.

S. Suprapto, T. C. Mulat, and H. Hartaty, “Edukasi Gizi Seimbang Menggunakan Media Video terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Mahasiswa di Masa Pandemi Covid-19,” J. Keperawatan Prof., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 96–102, May 2022, doi: 10.36590/kepo.v3i1.303.

S. Suprapto and T. C. Mulat, “Faktor Determinan Pengembangan Kapasitas Perawat dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan,” J. Ilm. Kesehat. Sandi Husada, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 416–422, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.35816/jiskh.v10i2.628.

J. Inchley, D. Currie, and T. Young, Growing up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people’s health and well-being. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2013/2014 survey, no. 7. World Health Organization, 2016.

Y. C. Satti, S. R. Mistika, and L. Imelda, “Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Status Gizi Pasien Hemodialisa di Rumah Sakit Stella Maris Makassar,” J. Keperawatan Florence Nightingale, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2021.

B. Lencha et al., “Severe Acute Malnutrition among Children in Bale Zone Southeast Ethiopia: Treatment Outcome and its Determinant Factors,” J. Pediatr., vol. 264, p. 113743, Jan. 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2023.113743.

N. H. Brito and K. G. Noble, “Socioeconomic status and structural brain development,” Front. Neurosci., vol. 8, p. 276, Sep. 2014, doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00276.

R. F. Putri, D. Sulastri, and Y. Lestari, “Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan status gizi anak balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Nanggalo Padang,” J. Kesehat. Andalas, vol. 4, no. 1, 2015.

Y. Yuwanti, F. M. Mulyaningrum, and M. M. Susanti, “Faktor–Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Stunting Pada Balita Di Kabupaten Grobogan,” J. Keperawatan Dan Kesehat. Masy. Cendekia Utama, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 74–84, 2021.

G. M. R. Islam, “Association of Socioeconomic Status With Childhood Anemia Among Infant, Toddler, and Preschool Children in Bangladesh,” Value Heal. Reg. Issues, vol. 21, pp. 141–148, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.vhri.2019.09.008.

L. S. Galgamuwa, D. Iddawela, S. D. Dharmaratne, and G. L. S. Galgamuwa, “Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka,” BMC Public Health, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 377, Dec. 2017, doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4311-y.

C. Corvalán et al., “Nutrition status of children in Latin America,” Obes. Rev., vol. 18, no. S2, pp. 7–18, Jul. 2017, doi: 10.1111/obr.12571.

K. Cunningham, M. Ruel, E. Ferguson, and R. Uauy, “Women’s empowerment and child nutritional status in S outh A sia: a synthesis of the literature,” Matern. Child Nutr., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–19, Jan. 2015, doi: 10.1111/mcn.12125.

F. Reiss, “Socioeconomic inequalities and mental health problems in children and adolescents: A systematic review,” Soc. Sci. Med., vol. 90, pp. 24–31, Aug. 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.04.026.

V. Vyncke et al., “Does neighbourhood social capital aid in levelling the social gradient in the health and well-being of children and adolescents? A literature review,” BMC Public Health, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 65, Dec. 2013, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-65.

N. L. Letourneau, L. Duffett-Leger, L. Levac, B. Watson, and C. Young-Morris, “Socioeconomic Status and Child Development,” J. Emot. Behav. Disord., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 211–224, Sep. 2013, doi: 10.1177/1063426611421007.

How to Cite
Rahmadani, R., Wahyuni, R., Arda, D., Musrah, A., & Sabriana, R. (2023). Socioeconomic Factors with Nutritional Status of Toddlers. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 12(2), 445-451.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.